A Brief History Of Reverse Painting On Glass
Reverse painting on glass has been a form of
art expression since extremely ancient times. It is
difficult to precisely date a number of much more
Art history has revealed that painting on glass became
quite fashionable in Italy during the Renaissance. Italian
paintings on glass during the 14th and 15th centuries were
associated with Venice and with the Island of Murano. These
paintings were primarily miniatures which later
began to be utilised as alters and reliquaries in churches.
Gradually a more artisanal approach began to develop in
which artists copied well-liked landscapes or painted portraits
and biblical representations.
By the 17th century painting on glass had spread to Austria
and the characteristics of this work now began to be influenced
by a more popular form of art which also led to the development
of small family industries of painters on glass.
In Europe the reverse painting technique had by this time
reached as far north as Poland.In those times glass-making was
carried out by methods that gave glass a very characteristic
appearance due to the glass being blown and not poured.There
existed certain problems in creating high enough
temperatures which allowed for the successful fusion of chemicals
that were used, and which consequently permitted identification
of paintings on glass from a much earlier era.
The knowledge for painting on glass began to spread through
Europe when glass makers were forced to migrate due to
diminishing supplies of quartz sand, or when wood supplies were
lacking which prevented them from creating the fires they
needed to make glass. With transportation becoming more efficient
frontier taxes began to increase and the necessary chemical
additives became more expensive.This led to a constant movement
and migration of glassmakers all through Europe.
The technique of painting on glass has created its own
cultural art history not only in Europe but also in India, China
and The Far East, North America, South America, The Middle East
Extract from website "A guide to reverse painting on glass" at
Selected reverse painting artworks at http://www.mayannemackay.com
Copyright Mayanne Mackay 2005
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