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The Lowdown on Dog Vaccinations


Over the last 20 years, vaccinations have generally been started in puppies at about 6-8 weeks of age, when the natural immunity inherited from the mother may start wearing off. A series of shots will then be given every three to four weeks, and boosters are administered every year after that.

On one hand, in the last 20 years few could deny that vaccinations as they are administered now have been quite effective. I mean, when was the last time anyone's seen Old Yeller limping down the street, foaming at the mouth, requiring the talents of the local sharp-shooter, Atticus Finch, to protect the panicking townspeople? I'm mixing my movie metaphors, but the point is these films with rabid dog scenes are set in decades past, and since then, rabies, and other diseases like parvovirus and distemper, have been successfully prevented in vaccinated American pets.

Vaccination Concerns Leading to New Trends

In recent years, the current trends in canine immunization and boosters have come under much scrutiny. With new vaccines becoming available with increasing frequency, and with more and more vaccines being given in combination within a single injection, many pet owners and veterinary professionals are becoming concerned over the possibility of over-vaccination, particularly with regard to annual boosters, a problem with potential negative outcomes of its own.

To address this issue, the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA), in 2003 issued recommendations using available scientific evidence, as well as the clinical experience and expert opinions of a wide variety of animal health professionals. While not a protocol to be followed exclusively, these recommendations offer guidelines for veterinarians setting up individualized vaccination schedules for pets on a case-by-case basis.

New AAHA Recommendations

Basically, the AAHA recommends that vets follow all previous recommendations for puppy vaccinations, but to place vaccines for adult dog boosters into two categories: core (recommended) and noncore (optional).

Core vaccines would be administered every three years. (There is some evidence that suggests core diseases could be covered for 5 years or more with these vaccines, so three years was given as a compromise, a "better safe than sorry" approach). They cover the most severe and common illnesses.

1. Rabies
2. Canine parvovirus
3. Canine parainfluenza virus (in combination with other kennel cough- causing viruses)
4. Distemper

Noncore vaccines cover diseases which are not as common or severe, and may have at one time been given to most dogs, perhaps unnecessarily. The new guidelines suggest that noncore vaccines should be given on a case-by-case basis taking into consideration factors like the age and health of the dog, or his likely exposure to the infectious agent. For instance, you may not have to give a vaccine or boosters for Lyme Disease if your pet stays in your apartment and ventures out only for walks on concrete city sidewalks. Or, if ol' Max is of advanced age, the risks of some vaccinations may outweigh the benefits. Under these recommendations dogs would receive appropriate noncore boosters annually.

Finally, the AAHA listed three vaccines that it feels should not be administered at all.

1. Giardia- the vaccine for this disease does not prevent infection

2. Canine adenovirus type 1(hepatitis)- the vaccine for this disease can cause visual impairment in dogs, and type 1 of this disease is covered with the type 2 vaccine, which is usually given in combination with the vaccine for parainfluenza.

3. Corona virus- according to the AAHA, corona virus does not commonly occur, and when seen is self-limiting.

Since these recommendations are not intended to be "set in stone", and since canine vaccination is obviously a nuanced issue (read: confusing and complex!), it is wise to discuss with your vet the rationale behind your dog's vaccination schedule and follow his or her recommendations based on your dog, his health, and his environment.

Copyright 2005 Dina Giolitto. All rights reserved.

Dina Giolitto is a copywriting consultant and ghostwriter with 10 years of experience writing corporate print materials and web content. Trust her with your next e-book, article series or web project, and make a lasting impression on your audience of information-hungry prospects. Visit http://www.wordfeeder.com for more information.


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Sun. December / 08 / 2019

Lonely Beijing citizens are helping create a billion-dollar industry around their pampered pets - CNN
Lonely Beijing citizens are helping create a billion-dollar industry around their pampered pets  CNN

Survey: Almost half of Ohio pet owners spend more on pets than partners for Christmas - WKRC TV Cincinnati
Survey: Almost half of Ohio pet owners spend more on pets than partners for Christmas  WKRC TV Cincinnati

Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Dec. 8, 2019 - Summit Daily News
Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Dec. 8, 2019  Summit Daily News

Americans spend more than $72 billion on pets—here's how dogs and cats became big business - CNBC
Americans spend more than $72 billion on pets—here's how dogs and cats became big business  CNBC

Pets with Potential: Meet Bert and Momo - WCAX
Pets with Potential: Meet Bert and Momo  WCAX

A lot has changed in regard to who 'gets' pets - Moscow-Pullman Daily News
A lot has changed in regard to who 'gets' pets  Moscow-Pullman Daily News

Because pets get hungry, tooMeals on Wheels adds purrfect service for elderly pet owners - Richmond County Daily Journal
Because pets get hungry, tooMeals on Wheels adds purrfect service for elderly pet owners  Richmond County Daily Journal

ISO Pets: Moose is friendly, doesn’t know his own strength - Morning Call
ISO Pets: Moose is friendly, doesn’t know his own strength  Morning Call

Holiday gift guide for pets - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
Holiday gift guide for pets  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Bitter cold dangerous to pets - DoorCountyDailyNews.com
Bitter cold dangerous to pets  DoorCountyDailyNews.com

Celebs Who Battled for Custody of Their Pets After Splitting Up: From Johnny Depp and Amber Heard to Jennifer Aniston and Justin Theroux - Us Weekly
Celebs Who Battled for Custody of Their Pets After Splitting Up: From Johnny Depp and Amber Heard to Jennifer Aniston and Justin Theroux  Us Weekly

Emma Thompson foresees people eating pets for 'protein' due to 'climate crisis' - Fox News
Emma Thompson foresees people eating pets for 'protein' due to 'climate crisis'  Fox News

Dollars and Pets: Holiday gifts for pets and pet lovers alike - The Mercury News
Dollars and Pets: Holiday gifts for pets and pet lovers alike  The Mercury News

Homeless pet owners in Tempe struggle to provide for beloved pets - AZ Big Media
Homeless pet owners in Tempe struggle to provide for beloved pets  AZ Big Media

Home damaged, two pets rescued in Fryeburg Fire - WGME
Home damaged, two pets rescued in Fryeburg Fire  WGME

There’s big business in health supplements — for your pets - The Washington Post
There’s big business in health supplements — for your pets  The Washington Post

Galveston Island Humane Society's pets of the week - Galveston County Daily News
Galveston Island Humane Society's pets of the week  Galveston County Daily News

Pets | Central Ohio entrepreneurs create special gifts for pets, owners - The Columbus Dispatch
Pets | Central Ohio entrepreneurs create special gifts for pets, owners  The Columbus Dispatch

Community Pet photos with Santa benefits FurEver United Rescue Ryan Garza 3:55 PM, Dec 07 - KRIS Corpus Christi News
Community Pet photos with Santa benefits FurEver United Rescue Ryan Garza 3:55 PM, Dec 07  KRIS Corpus Christi News

The wacky, big-money world of pet influencers - FRANCE 24
The wacky, big-money world of pet influencers  FRANCE 24

Santa claws: UK supermarkets sell festive snacks for pets - The Guardian
Santa claws: UK supermarkets sell festive snacks for pets  The Guardian

Gallery: Pets of the week: Meet Frank Jr. - nwitimes.com
Gallery: Pets of the week: Meet Frank Jr.  nwitimes.com

Sophie Turner and More Celebs Who Grew Attached to Their Pets on Set - Us Weekly
Sophie Turner and More Celebs Who Grew Attached to Their Pets on Set  Us Weekly

That wind chill is a big threat to your pet - WOWT
That wind chill is a big threat to your pet  WOWT

CASPCA hosts holiday pet adoption event - CBS19 News
CASPCA hosts holiday pet adoption event  CBS19 News

Feature: Pet carnival in Egypt helps raise awareness about animal care - Xinhua | English.news.cn - Xinhua
Feature: Pet carnival in Egypt helps raise awareness about animal care - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Meet This Weeks Adorable Adoptable Pets, Harley & Ruby - Patch.com
Meet This Weeks Adorable Adoptable Pets, Harley & Ruby  Patch.com

Fido Needs a Treat - Slate
Fido Needs a Treat  Slate

Tips for taking picture perfect pet photos on Coast Live - WTKR News 3
Tips for taking picture perfect pet photos on Coast Live  WTKR News 3

Pet-Food Boom Drives Crop Giant ADM's Push in $91 Billion Market - Crain's Chicago Business
Pet-Food Boom Drives Crop Giant ADM's Push in $91 Billion Market  Crain's Chicago Business

Brandywine Valley SPCA Mega Adoption Event: 1000+ homeless pets seek forever homes - FOX 29 News Philadelphia
Brandywine Valley SPCA Mega Adoption Event: 1000+ homeless pets seek forever homes  FOX 29 News Philadelphia

You can adopt 12 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Dec. 7-8 - SILive.com
You can adopt 12 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Dec. 7-8  SILive.com

Cat and 2 tortoises rescued, but 3 other family pets killed in house fire - NJ.com
Cat and 2 tortoises rescued, but 3 other family pets killed in house fire  NJ.com

Keeping your pets warm and safe in the bitter cold - WSAW
Keeping your pets warm and safe in the bitter cold  WSAW

Ask yourself these questions before flying with your dog or cat - USA TODAY
Ask yourself these questions before flying with your dog or cat  USA TODAY

This decade taught us to love viral pets; now we have to grieve their deaths - The Columbian
This decade taught us to love viral pets; now we have to grieve their deaths  The Columbian

Pets of Harvard, 2019 - Harvard Crimson
Pets of Harvard, 2019  Harvard Crimson

Pet of the Week - Odyssey - Newscenter1.tv
Pet of the Week - Odyssey  Newscenter1.tv

Essential oils put pets in danger - Wink News
Essential oils put pets in danger  Wink News

Holiday pet expo to take place in Chandler over the weekend - KTAR.com
Holiday pet expo to take place in Chandler over the weekend  KTAR.com

Savannah family loses home, 3 pets in overnight fire on Speir Street - WTOC
Savannah family loses home, 3 pets in overnight fire on Speir Street  WTOC

Florida lawmaker proposes to keep pets out of restaurants, other businesses - Tallahassee Democrat
Florida lawmaker proposes to keep pets out of restaurants, other businesses  Tallahassee Democrat

Viral Kitty Lil Bub, One of the Internet's Most Beloved Pets, Dies at 8 - msnNOW
Viral Kitty Lil Bub, One of the Internet's Most Beloved Pets, Dies at 8  msnNOW

SPCA asks for help with overflow of pets at shelter | News, Sports, Jobs - Lock Haven Express
SPCA asks for help with overflow of pets at shelter | News, Sports, Jobs  Lock Haven Express

China Spends $29 Billion on Pampering Pets as Birthrate Slows - Bloomberg
China Spends $29 Billion on Pampering Pets as Birthrate Slows  Bloomberg

Best Ways To Protect Your Pet On The Road - Forbes
Best Ways To Protect Your Pet On The Road  Forbes

Pets will be pampered in West Chester to raise funds for local animal rescue - Hamilton Journal News
Pets will be pampered in West Chester to raise funds for local animal rescue  Hamilton Journal News

MetLife Expands Into Fast-Growing Sector: Pet Insurance - The Wall Street Journal
MetLife Expands Into Fast-Growing Sector: Pet Insurance  The Wall Street Journal

Keep Pets From Destroying Your Stuff - The New York Times
Keep Pets From Destroying Your Stuff  The New York Times

More than a dozen pets likely killed in house fire north of Austin - KVUE.com
More than a dozen pets likely killed in house fire north of Austin  KVUE.com

Pet Photos with Santa (fundraiser for Baypath Humane Society) - Patch.com
Pet Photos with Santa (fundraiser for Baypath Humane Society)  Patch.com

Keeping your pet safe during the holidays - WRGB
Keeping your pet safe during the holidays  WRGB

New study: 25% of Minnesotans will spend more on pets than partners this holiday - KSTP
New study: 25% of Minnesotans will spend more on pets than partners this holiday  KSTP

Freeze-Dried Pets Are Forever - Slate
Freeze-Dried Pets Are Forever  Slate

Family Thought Their Home Was Robbed — Until Finding Bite Marks Courtesy of ‘Mischievous’ Dog - PEOPLE.com
Family Thought Their Home Was Robbed — Until Finding Bite Marks Courtesy of ‘Mischievous’ Dog  PEOPLE.com

Barking Up the Right Tree: 14 Business Ideas for Pet Lovers - Entrepreneur
Barking Up the Right Tree: 14 Business Ideas for Pet Lovers  Entrepreneur

Fire crews have new tools to help save pets - KEPR 19
Fire crews have new tools to help save pets  KEPR 19

Amarillo family loses home, pets and belongings in fire - KFDA
Amarillo family loses home, pets and belongings in fire  KFDA

Pets Go Missing As Hungry Coyotes Prowl In San Jose Neighborhood - CBS San Francisco
Pets Go Missing As Hungry Coyotes Prowl In San Jose Neighborhood  CBS San Francisco

Area shelters seeing fewer pets dropped off after holidays - KCRG
Area shelters seeing fewer pets dropped off after holidays  KCRG

Keeping your pets safe, happy, and healthy this holiday season - WPMT FOX 43
Keeping your pets safe, happy, and healthy this holiday season  WPMT FOX 43

KC Pet Project working to find dogs new homes before moving to new location - KCTV Kansas City
KC Pet Project working to find dogs new homes before moving to new location  KCTV Kansas City

Patient Pet Owner Gets Her 17 Cats and Dogs to Pose for Photo Together: 'I Was So Thrilled' - PEOPLE.com
Patient Pet Owner Gets Her 17 Cats and Dogs to Pose for Photo Together: 'I Was So Thrilled'  PEOPLE.com

All the viral pets are dead - Mic
All the viral pets are dead  Mic

Keeping pets warm during cold weather - KOLO
Keeping pets warm during cold weather  KOLO

'This is how I discipline my dogs’: Tale of three tortured pets plays out via graphic videos in Bronx civil tr - New York Daily News
'This is how I discipline my dogs’: Tale of three tortured pets plays out via graphic videos in Bronx civil tr  New York Daily News

'Loyal beyond measure': How pets helped Know Your Value readers through hard times - NBC News
'Loyal beyond measure': How pets helped Know Your Value readers through hard times  NBC News

News Essential oil diffusers might be toxic to your pet, local vet warns Alexandra Koehn 3 - NewsChannel5.com
News Essential oil diffusers might be toxic to your pet, local vet warns Alexandra Koehn 3  NewsChannel5.com

Think twice before giving pet as a gift - Texarkana Gazette
Think twice before giving pet as a gift  Texarkana Gazette

Pets and renter’s insurance: Why you need it - Bankrate.com
Pets and renter’s insurance: Why you need it  Bankrate.com

01:00 China Spends Billions on Pet Grooming - Bloomberg
01:00 China Spends Billions on Pet Grooming  Bloomberg

Considering CBD oil for your pets? Here’s what you need to know - WGHP FOX 8 Greensboro
Considering CBD oil for your pets? Here’s what you need to know  WGHP FOX 8 Greensboro

From the lawn to the lab: Apartment complexes use DNA testing to keep bad dog owners in check - The Denver Post
From the lawn to the lab: Apartment complexes use DNA testing to keep bad dog owners in check  The Denver Post

Lubbock’s Pets Plus asks for help in finding stolen English Bulldog puppies - KCBD
Lubbock’s Pets Plus asks for help in finding stolen English Bulldog puppies  KCBD

Lone star tick a growing threat to humans, pets as populations expand in CT - WFSB
Lone star tick a growing threat to humans, pets as populations expand in CT  WFSB

NJ pets in need: Dec. 2, 2019 - NJ.com
NJ pets in need: Dec. 2, 2019  NJ.com

'They're like children': How to keep pets safe amid record-breaking cold weather - USA TODAY
'They're like children': How to keep pets safe amid record-breaking cold weather  USA TODAY

Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Scout, Layla, and Ollie - SweetwaterNOW.com
Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Scout, Layla, and Ollie  SweetwaterNOW.com

Minnesota's urban coyote population is growing, but pet attacks remain rare - Austin Daily Herald - Austin Herald
Minnesota's urban coyote population is growing, but pet attacks remain rare - Austin Daily Herald  Austin Herald

Beware of buying pets from the internet - AZFamily
Beware of buying pets from the internet  AZFamily

4′s Pet Project: Adopt Wingard - WJXT News4JAX
4′s Pet Project: Adopt Wingard  WJXT News4JAX

California woman pried open mountain lion's jaws in attempt to save her pet - New York Post
California woman pried open mountain lion's jaws in attempt to save her pet  New York Post

Pet of the Week: Smokey - County 17
Pet of the Week: Smokey  County 17

Central Nebraska Humane Society hopes to find homes for extended-stay pets - Grand Island Independent
Central Nebraska Humane Society hopes to find homes for extended-stay pets  Grand Island Independent

Pet of the Weekend: Meet Baci! - WBTW
Pet of the Weekend: Meet Baci!  WBTW

Foster a Pet from AWSOM for the Holidays - WNEP Scranton/Wilkes-Barre
Foster a Pet from AWSOM for the Holidays  WNEP Scranton/Wilkes-Barre

Pets | This decade taught us to love viral pets. Now we have to grieve their deaths. - The Columbus Dispatch
Pets | This decade taught us to love viral pets. Now we have to grieve their deaths.  The Columbus Dispatch

Adopt these pets: An Akita, a cur mix and a pair of parakeets - STLtoday.com
Adopt these pets: An Akita, a cur mix and a pair of parakeets  STLtoday.com

Pa. SPCA looking for suspect who fatally shot pet cat with an arrow in West Philly - The Philadelphia Inquirer
Pa. SPCA looking for suspect who fatally shot pet cat with an arrow in West Philly  The Philadelphia Inquirer

Pet Of The Week: Bella Mia - Pleasantville, NY Patch
Pet Of The Week: Bella Mia  Pleasantville, NY Patch

Neopets taught us how to care for virtual pets — and each other. - Vox.com
Neopets taught us how to care for virtual pets — and each other.  Vox.com

Foods you can, and absolutely can’t, feed your pets this Thanksgiving - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
Foods you can, and absolutely can’t, feed your pets this Thanksgiving  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Studies say owning pet can have positive impact on owners' physical, mental health - WZTV
Studies say owning pet can have positive impact on owners' physical, mental health  WZTV

Findster GPS Tracker for Pets - Mental Floss
Findster GPS Tracker for Pets  Mental Floss

Pittsburgh council requires reptile owners to register pets - WTAE Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh council requires reptile owners to register pets  WTAE Pittsburgh

Santa making special stop by Southgate pet store Sunday to take pictures with children, their pets - Southgate News Herald
Santa making special stop by Southgate pet store Sunday to take pictures with children, their pets  Southgate News Herald

Move Over, Fido: These Are The Top Names For Pets In Baltimore - CBS Baltimore
Move Over, Fido: These Are The Top Names For Pets In Baltimore  CBS Baltimore

Pet leasing would be banned in Michigan under House legislation - MLive.com
Pet leasing would be banned in Michigan under House legislation  MLive.com

Toughest jobs? Try working in a pet store - KTVA
Toughest jobs? Try working in a pet store  KTVA

5 Thanksgiving Day safety tips for your pet - Fox Baltimore
5 Thanksgiving Day safety tips for your pet  Fox Baltimore

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