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Filtration Methods For The Discus Tank


Good filtration is the prime priority in the discus tank. Basically, there are three types of filtration - mechanical, chemical and biological. Let's start with the basics...

Mechanical filtration removes the uneaten food, waste products and acumulated plant waste from the tank. Different methods will accomplish this - pads, sponges, and floss, to name a few. The objective here is to capture the dirt before it pollutes the tank to high levels. Common filter floss is inexpensive, and highly efficient, making it a good medium for the tank filter. One must keep in mind, however, that the function of the mechanical filter is basically aesthetic.

Filtering using chemical filtration takes place at the molecular level. The most commonly used medium is activated charcoal. Activated charcoal adsorbs a huge amount of pollutants in the tank, and discoloration, antimony, arsenic, chlorine, chloramine, chromium, hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, phosphate plus some of the heavy metals and other toxins in different degrees. (adsorbs: Formation of a thin film on a surface.) It does not, however, remove ammonia, nitrite or nitrate, so don't expect it to do the job of biological or mechanical filtration. If your tap water is overly high in phosphates or nitrates, there is the chance that your fish won't do well until you pretreat the water with activated charcoal or other specific resins. If you live in the city, chances are good that the city can provide you with an analysis of their provided water. If, however, you live in the country, and have your own well, then the water should be sent to a lab for testing.

Activated charcoal can produce crystal-clear water, but the downside of this is that one tends to rely on the activated charcoal to cover up sloppy maintenance. It should be used as a back up only, and you should not be dependent on activated charcoal to keep water safe and clean for the Discus. Frequent water change is the only real insurance you have of keeping your Discus safe and in good health.

I have saved biofiltration for last because it is the most important aspect of a good environment for Discus. Without good biofiltration practices, your Discus will not survive. Mechanical and chemical filtration results can be seen visibly - the tank just looks cleaner. Even though chemical filtration does remove some of the toxic materials from the water, it takes biofiltration to make the water safe for habitation.

Cycling a tank is a practice that reproduces the nitrogen cycle in the aquarium. In the aquarium, we need beneficial bacteria, which are known as nitrobacters. (Proline Bacteria is a well known brand of bacteria strain used in aquaria. A kit for starting the normal freshwater tank is a little over $9.00.) These "good" bacteria colonize the filter media and every surface of the tank. The most beneficial of these bacteria is Nitrosomonas sp. which consumes the toxic ammonia that is produced by decomposition of fish waste, plant matter, and uneaten food. In the Nitrogen Cycle, the ammonia is reduced to nitrite. The nitrite is then consumed by Nitrobacter sp. and is reduced to nitrate, which is the least toxic end-product of nitrification. The nitrate is then removed from you system by a regular water-change regimen.

Maintaining a healthy bacterial colony in the biological part of your filtration system is quite simple if care is taken to not destroy the colony. When cleaning the media, use only tank water. Never use hot water or fresh tap water to clean the sponges or media, but instead gently rinse and carefully wring out excess water in a pail of tank water. The goal here is to maintain the highest rate of bacteria as possible on the media.

It is possible that your biological filter will crash if the aquarium is left without power for a day. The bacteria are without oxygen for a period of time which will cause them to die, your fish will be gasping for breath, and a foul smell is encountered in the tank. Never simply turn the filter back on! this will flood the aquarium with toxins, and the media must be replaced if a crash occurs.

Following these simple principles will help to insure that your Discus have a happy and safe environment for many years. Again, there is no subistitue for regular water changes, but by following these simple rules, chances of survivial of the Discus are much higher.

Alden Smith is a published author, and has been marketing on the internet for 7 years. His website, King Discus, is an active gathering place for discus breeders and lovers of discus fish. His wife Betsy is the administrator of All The Best Recipes a site rich in online recipes and cookbooks.


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Fri. July / 03 / 2020

Toasty summer days and more pets - Wilmington News Journal, OH
Toasty summer days and more pets  Wilmington News Journal, OH

Meet the “Pet of the Week” and hear safety tips for pets ahead of the Fourth of July - KMID - Local 2 News
Meet the “Pet of the Week” and hear safety tips for pets ahead of the Fourth of July  KMID - Local 2 News

Maggie and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week - AZCentral
Maggie and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week  AZCentral

Young-Williams Animal Center shares tips for keeping pets safe during Fourth of July - WATE 6 On Your Side
Young-Williams Animal Center shares tips for keeping pets safe during Fourth of July  WATE 6 On Your Side

Cleveland APL offers pet tips for 4th of July celebrations - WKYC.com
Cleveland APL offers pet tips for 4th of July celebrations  WKYC.com

Tips to keep pets comfortable during holiday weekend - Grand Haven Tribune
Tips to keep pets comfortable during holiday weekend  Grand Haven Tribune

Tulsa Animal Welfare pets of the week - KTUL
Tulsa Animal Welfare pets of the week  KTUL

Keeping your pets safe during 4th of July festivities - KOKH FOX25
Keeping your pets safe during 4th of July festivities  KOKH FOX25

How to help your pets through the fireworks - WHEC
How to help your pets through the fireworks  WHEC

How to keep your pets calm this Fourth of July | FOX 28 Spokane - FOX 28 Spokane
How to keep your pets calm this Fourth of July | FOX 28 Spokane  FOX 28 Spokane

Keeping pups calm during the fireworks + how to respond to lost pets in Birmingham - Bham Now
Keeping pups calm during the fireworks + how to respond to lost pets in Birmingham  Bham Now

A Paws for Pets - York News-Times
A Paws for Pets  York News-Times

4th of July can lead to lost pets - WNDU-TV
4th of July can lead to lost pets  WNDU-TV

Animal Shelter Society shares pet of the week - WHIZ
Animal Shelter Society shares pet of the week  WHIZ

Keeping pets safe during July 4th fireworks - WIFR
Keeping pets safe during July 4th fireworks  WIFR

Keep your pets safe this weekend with these fireworks safety tips - Clarksville Now
Keep your pets safe this weekend with these fireworks safety tips  Clarksville Now

GTPulse: Traverse City Vet Offers Holistic Pet Healing - 9 & 10 News - 9&10 News
GTPulse: Traverse City Vet Offers Holistic Pet Healing - 9 & 10 News  9&10 News

Get your pets ready for end-of-the-world day - Albuquerque Journal
Get your pets ready for end-of-the-world day  Albuquerque Journal

Fireworks can be traumatizing for veterans, pets | News - Cadillac News
Fireworks can be traumatizing for veterans, pets | News  Cadillac News

Dog bites are up; parents advised to supervise children, gives pets a little 'me time' - Omaha World-Herald
Dog bites are up; parents advised to supervise children, gives pets a little 'me time'  Omaha World-Herald

How to keep pets calm with more fireworks expected this holiday weekend - WKOW
How to keep pets calm with more fireworks expected this holiday weekend  WKOW

Remind pet-owning clients to beware of snakes - Pest Management Professional magazine
Remind pet-owning clients to beware of snakes  Pest Management Professional magazine

Veterinarians want you to pay close attention to your pets with "unpredictable" fireworks - 10TV
Veterinarians want you to pay close attention to your pets with "unpredictable" fireworks  10TV

Why fireworks cause stress for pets and what you can do to help them cope - WJW FOX 8 News Cleveland
Why fireworks cause stress for pets and what you can do to help them cope  WJW FOX 8 News Cleveland

Pets of the Week: Jasper and Herbert - Daily Bulldog
Pets of the Week: Jasper and Herbert  Daily Bulldog

The effects of quarantine on your pets and how to ease their anxiety - KAGSTV.com
The effects of quarantine on your pets and how to ease their anxiety  KAGSTV.com

Made in St. Louis: Overland couple make all-natural pet treats - STLtoday.com
Made in St. Louis: Overland couple make all-natural pet treats  STLtoday.com

OPP asking public not to leave pets in hot vehicles - KitchenerToday.com
OPP asking public not to leave pets in hot vehicles  KitchenerToday.com

Fireworks can bring anxiety to your pet, why experts warn pet owners to prepare - WTHITV.com
Fireworks can bring anxiety to your pet, why experts warn pet owners to prepare  WTHITV.com

Pet(s) of the Week: Kittens - WTRF
Pet(s) of the Week: Kittens  WTRF

Pet Tales: If cats could vote, veterinary nurse would win hero contest - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Pet Tales: If cats could vote, veterinary nurse would win hero contest  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Lightning strike sparks blaze that destroys N.J. home, leaves many pets dead - NJ.com
Lightning strike sparks blaze that destroys N.J. home, leaves many pets dead  NJ.com

Crackle of a firework can make your pet anxious, why experts warn pet owners to prepare - WTHITV.com
Crackle of a firework can make your pet anxious, why experts warn pet owners to prepare  WTHITV.com

Class pets become long-term pandemic houseguests while St. Louis schools are out - St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Class pets become long-term pandemic houseguests while St. Louis schools are out  St. Louis Post-Dispatch

Adjusting your pets back to a normal schedule - WSMV Nashville
Adjusting your pets back to a normal schedule  WSMV Nashville

Community Rallies For Kennel Owners Who Lost Jersey Shore Home, Pets To Lightning Strike Blaze - Hackensack Daily Voice
Community Rallies For Kennel Owners Who Lost Jersey Shore Home, Pets To Lightning Strike Blaze  Hackensack Daily Voice

Iowa Supreme Court sides with pet allergies over support animal in tenant dispute - KCRG
Iowa Supreme Court sides with pet allergies over support animal in tenant dispute  KCRG

Alachua County Animal Services offered 4th of July pet safety tips - WCJB
Alachua County Animal Services offered 4th of July pet safety tips  WCJB

Pets of the week: Clark and JoJo need new homes - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Clark and JoJo need new homes  MLive.com

Watertown police urge residents to keep eye on small pets after coyote carries away dog - Boston News, Weather, Sports | WHDH 7News
Watertown police urge residents to keep eye on small pets after coyote carries away dog  Boston News, Weather, Sports | WHDH 7News

Virtual Pet Visits during Isolation - FOX31 Denver
Virtual Pet Visits during Isolation  FOX31 Denver

Lightning-Sparked Fire Destroys Manchester Home, Kills Pets - Manchester, NJ Patch
Lightning-Sparked Fire Destroys Manchester Home, Kills Pets  Manchester, NJ Patch

Dealing with your pet's anxiety - Deccan Herald
Dealing with your pet's anxiety  Deccan Herald

Determine if a sidewalk or street is too hot for your pet in 7 seconds - wpde.com
Determine if a sidewalk or street is too hot for your pet in 7 seconds  wpde.com

Pets of the Week: 100 Litter - WITN
Pets of the Week: 100 Litter  WITN

Pets perish in Otisfield fire that destroys mobile home and camper - The Bethel Citizen
Pets perish in Otisfield fire that destroys mobile home and camper  The Bethel Citizen

'Very little risk' that pets can infect owners with COVID: WHO - Dunya News
'Very little risk' that pets can infect owners with COVID: WHO  Dunya News

Keep your summer fun pet-safe and pet-friendly with top outdoor pet gear - CNN
Keep your summer fun pet-safe and pet-friendly with top outdoor pet gear  CNN

Do you have multiple pets to care for at home? - Euro Weekly News
Do you have multiple pets to care for at home?  Euro Weekly News

'Very little risk' that pets can infect owners with COVID, WHO says - Reuters
'Very little risk' that pets can infect owners with COVID, WHO says  Reuters

The Pets Left Behind by Covid-19 - The New York Times
The Pets Left Behind by Covid-19  The New York Times

FDA cautions pet owners about infecting their pets in new video - CNN
FDA cautions pet owners about infecting their pets in new video  CNN

Service dog is so much more than a family pet to Wisconsin man | News, Sports, Jobs - Lewistown Sentinel
Service dog is so much more than a family pet to Wisconsin man | News, Sports, Jobs  Lewistown Sentinel

These 17 pets would love to share space with you: June 27-28 - SILive.com
These 17 pets would love to share space with you: June 27-28  SILive.com

Pet talk | Features | mtexpress.com - Idaho Mountain Express and Guide
Pet talk | Features | mtexpress.com  Idaho Mountain Express and Guide

Local Fireworks Shows and Pet Safety for the Holiday Weekend - NBC 7 San Diego
Local Fireworks Shows and Pet Safety for the Holiday Weekend  NBC 7 San Diego

Shiloh is pet of the week - Herald-Mail Media
Shiloh is pet of the week  Herald-Mail Media

Pet owners put furry friends on diets after they gained weight in lockdown - Fox News
Pet owners put furry friends on diets after they gained weight in lockdown  Fox News

Two family pets perish in morning house fire - wpta21.com
Two family pets perish in morning house fire  wpta21.com

Copperhead bites on pets require vet visits - - CBS19 News
Copperhead bites on pets require vet visits -  CBS19 News

Pet of the Week: Granny - NTV
Pet of the Week: Granny  NTV

How to keep your pet calm when fireworks go off - WSYR
How to keep your pet calm when fireworks go off  WSYR

16 Adorable Photos of Patriotic Pets - MSN Money
16 Adorable Photos of Patriotic Pets  MSN Money

Woman in a wheelchair, pets rescued from a house fire in New Haven - WTNH.com
Woman in a wheelchair, pets rescued from a house fire in New Haven  WTNH.com

Introducing This Year's Top 20 Cutest Pets in Dallas - D Magazine
Introducing This Year's Top 20 Cutest Pets in Dallas  D Magazine

How to Keep Your Pets Safe During Fireworks - Fourth of July Firework Pet Safety - WomansDay.com
How to Keep Your Pets Safe During Fireworks - Fourth of July Firework Pet Safety  WomansDay.com

Struggling to Pay for Pet Food? Get Help in the Orlando Area - News 13 Orlando
Struggling to Pay for Pet Food? Get Help in the Orlando Area  News 13 Orlando

Pet surrenders at the Richardson shelter drop by 42% year-over-year - Community Impact Newspaper
Pet surrenders at the Richardson shelter drop by 42% year-over-year  Community Impact Newspaper

As weather grows hotter, pets could be at risk - Carolinacoastonline
As weather grows hotter, pets could be at risk  Carolinacoastonline

Dog lovers show off their pets' skills in dog agility competition - Fox11online.com
Dog lovers show off their pets' skills in dog agility competition  Fox11online.com

Coronavirus question: Can my pet contract the coronavirus? - NJ.com
Coronavirus question: Can my pet contract the coronavirus?  NJ.com

These 17 adoptable pets are sure to make you smile: June 20-21 - SILive.com
These 17 adoptable pets are sure to make you smile: June 20-21  SILive.com

Elyria pet center now Dunkin’ Doggies and Bevan’s Pet Supply - The Morning Journal
Elyria pet center now Dunkin’ Doggies and Bevan’s Pet Supply  The Morning Journal

Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (7/1/20) - ABC15 Arizona
Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (7/1/20)  ABC15 Arizona

Paws for Health: Pet Safety during the Fourth of July - 9 & 10 News - 9&10 News
Paws for Health: Pet Safety during the Fourth of July - 9 & 10 News  9&10 News

Chickens make great pandemic pet for some - The Columbus Dispatch
Chickens make great pandemic pet for some  The Columbus Dispatch

Fireworks noise could be deadly for some pets, vets warn - New York Post
Fireworks noise could be deadly for some pets, vets warn  New York Post

Pet Shop Speakeasy Busted in Brazilian City - The New York Times
Pet Shop Speakeasy Busted in Brazilian City  The New York Times

Pet store worker threatened by customer over face covering - Albuquerque Journal
Pet store worker threatened by customer over face covering  Albuquerque Journal

4 Reasons the Pandemic Is a Boon for the Pet Industry - Entrepreneur
4 Reasons the Pandemic Is a Boon for the Pet Industry  Entrepreneur

Dr. Frankovich Talks About Pets, Children, Masks, How Personal Interactions Are Worrisome, and More - Redheaded Blackbelt
Dr. Frankovich Talks About Pets, Children, Masks, How Personal Interactions Are Worrisome, and More  Redheaded Blackbelt

House damaged, pet killed by fire and thick smoke in Moline - WQAD.com
House damaged, pet killed by fire and thick smoke in Moline  WQAD.com

Struggling pet owners receive free veterinary care for their pets - Q13 News Seattle
Struggling pet owners receive free veterinary care for their pets  Q13 News Seattle

Pet therapy for Southern California seniors during the pandemic - CBS News 8
Pet therapy for Southern California seniors during the pandemic  CBS News 8

Is Raw or Homemade Food Good for Your Pet? - WebMD
Is Raw or Homemade Food Good for Your Pet?  WebMD

Feasibility of blood testing combined with PET-CT to screen for cancer and guide intervention - Science Magazine
Feasibility of blood testing combined with PET-CT to screen for cancer and guide intervention  Science Magazine

Why Has the “Pet Effect” Meme Spread So Rapidly? - Psychology Today
Why Has the “Pet Effect” Meme Spread So Rapidly?  Psychology Today

For protecting staff, never missing a beat treating pets, local vets are 'Hometown Heroes' - Fredericksburg.com
For protecting staff, never missing a beat treating pets, local vets are 'Hometown Heroes'  Fredericksburg.com

‘Prozac… CBD… Xanax’: Pet Owners Distraught Over Constant Fireworks - CBS Denver
‘Prozac… CBD… Xanax’: Pet Owners Distraught Over Constant Fireworks  CBS Denver

Meet our pets of the week: A cat with no tail, a border collie mix and a donkey - STLtoday.com
Meet our pets of the week: A cat with no tail, a border collie mix and a donkey  STLtoday.com

JILL ELLSWORTH: Hey millennials, mastered pets but not ready for kids? House plants may be the answer - TheChronicleHerald.ca
JILL ELLSWORTH: Hey millennials, mastered pets but not ready for kids? House plants may be the answer  TheChronicleHerald.ca

Pet of the Week: Meet Queen Sissa! - WKOW
Pet of the Week: Meet Queen Sissa!  WKOW

Pet of the week: Midnight, an older spaniel mix, needs a special home - MLive.com
Pet of the week: Midnight, an older spaniel mix, needs a special home  MLive.com

These tips will help ease your pets as you return to work - WBAL TV Baltimore
These tips will help ease your pets as you return to work  WBAL TV Baltimore

Dog owners test positive for COVID-19, pet dog later falls ill - CBS46 News Atlanta
Dog owners test positive for COVID-19, pet dog later falls ill  CBS46 News Atlanta

Pet owner says she’s ready to give dog up for adoption following hilarious haircut: 'I had tears in my eyes' - Yahoo Lifestyle
Pet owner says she’s ready to give dog up for adoption following hilarious haircut: 'I had tears in my eyes'  Yahoo Lifestyle

Pets and Real Estate Sales - The New York Times
Pets and Real Estate Sales  The New York Times

WATCH: A family's beloved pet chicken escapes from backyard, social media brings her home - WOAI
WATCH: A family's beloved pet chicken escapes from backyard, social media brings her home  WOAI

Peace Corps Volunteer's Pet Dog Avoids Being Sent Back to Africa - NBC New York
Peace Corps Volunteer's Pet Dog Avoids Being Sent Back to Africa  NBC New York

Keeping your pets safe during monsoon season | Critter Corner - AZFamily
Keeping your pets safe during monsoon season | Critter Corner  AZFamily

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