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Filtration Methods For The Discus Tank


Good filtration is the prime priority in the discus tank. Basically, there are three types of filtration - mechanical, chemical and biological. Let's start with the basics...

Mechanical filtration removes the uneaten food, waste products and acumulated plant waste from the tank. Different methods will accomplish this - pads, sponges, and floss, to name a few. The objective here is to capture the dirt before it pollutes the tank to high levels. Common filter floss is inexpensive, and highly efficient, making it a good medium for the tank filter. One must keep in mind, however, that the function of the mechanical filter is basically aesthetic.

Filtering using chemical filtration takes place at the molecular level. The most commonly used medium is activated charcoal. Activated charcoal adsorbs a huge amount of pollutants in the tank, and discoloration, antimony, arsenic, chlorine, chloramine, chromium, hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, phosphate plus some of the heavy metals and other toxins in different degrees. (adsorbs: Formation of a thin film on a surface.) It does not, however, remove ammonia, nitrite or nitrate, so don't expect it to do the job of biological or mechanical filtration. If your tap water is overly high in phosphates or nitrates, there is the chance that your fish won't do well until you pretreat the water with activated charcoal or other specific resins. If you live in the city, chances are good that the city can provide you with an analysis of their provided water. If, however, you live in the country, and have your own well, then the water should be sent to a lab for testing.

Activated charcoal can produce crystal-clear water, but the downside of this is that one tends to rely on the activated charcoal to cover up sloppy maintenance. It should be used as a back up only, and you should not be dependent on activated charcoal to keep water safe and clean for the Discus. Frequent water change is the only real insurance you have of keeping your Discus safe and in good health.

I have saved biofiltration for last because it is the most important aspect of a good environment for Discus. Without good biofiltration practices, your Discus will not survive. Mechanical and chemical filtration results can be seen visibly - the tank just looks cleaner. Even though chemical filtration does remove some of the toxic materials from the water, it takes biofiltration to make the water safe for habitation.

Cycling a tank is a practice that reproduces the nitrogen cycle in the aquarium. In the aquarium, we need beneficial bacteria, which are known as nitrobacters. (Proline Bacteria is a well known brand of bacteria strain used in aquaria. A kit for starting the normal freshwater tank is a little over $9.00.) These "good" bacteria colonize the filter media and every surface of the tank. The most beneficial of these bacteria is Nitrosomonas sp. which consumes the toxic ammonia that is produced by decomposition of fish waste, plant matter, and uneaten food. In the Nitrogen Cycle, the ammonia is reduced to nitrite. The nitrite is then consumed by Nitrobacter sp. and is reduced to nitrate, which is the least toxic end-product of nitrification. The nitrate is then removed from you system by a regular water-change regimen.

Maintaining a healthy bacterial colony in the biological part of your filtration system is quite simple if care is taken to not destroy the colony. When cleaning the media, use only tank water. Never use hot water or fresh tap water to clean the sponges or media, but instead gently rinse and carefully wring out excess water in a pail of tank water. The goal here is to maintain the highest rate of bacteria as possible on the media.

It is possible that your biological filter will crash if the aquarium is left without power for a day. The bacteria are without oxygen for a period of time which will cause them to die, your fish will be gasping for breath, and a foul smell is encountered in the tank. Never simply turn the filter back on! this will flood the aquarium with toxins, and the media must be replaced if a crash occurs.

Following these simple principles will help to insure that your Discus have a happy and safe environment for many years. Again, there is no subistitue for regular water changes, but by following these simple rules, chances of survivial of the Discus are much higher.

Alden Smith is a published author, and has been marketing on the internet for 7 years. His website, King Discus, is an active gathering place for discus breeders and lovers of discus fish. His wife Betsy is the administrator of All The Best Recipes a site rich in online recipes and cookbooks.


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Sat. December / 14 / 2019

Holiday Safety Tips For Pets - CBS Miami
Holiday Safety Tips For Pets  CBS Miami

Pets with Potential: Meet Mystique - WCAX
Pets with Potential: Meet Mystique  WCAX

Adoptable pets for Dec. 13-19 - Knoxville News Sentinel
Adoptable pets for Dec. 13-19  Knoxville News Sentinel

PETS: Help a stray find a home for the holidays - Red Bluff Daily News
PETS: Help a stray find a home for the holidays  Red Bluff Daily News

Inaugural ‘Home for the Pawlidays’ promises over 100 pets seeking homes - Long Beach Post
Inaugural ‘Home for the Pawlidays’ promises over 100 pets seeking homes  Long Beach Post

Christmas Gifts for Pets - Alabama Public Radio
Christmas Gifts for Pets  Alabama Public Radio

Meet Perfect Pet Jonah! - KGO-TV
Meet Perfect Pet Jonah!  KGO-TV

Ean's love for Stephens County Humane Society helps their pets find a forever home - KSWO
Ean's love for Stephens County Humane Society helps their pets find a forever home  KSWO

Which houseplants are poisonous to pets and kids? - Grand Forks Herald
Which houseplants are poisonous to pets and kids?  Grand Forks Herald

Shelter aims to find homes for pets just in time for the holidays - WILX-TV
Shelter aims to find homes for pets just in time for the holidays  WILX-TV

How America's pet owners feel about their furry friends - YouGov US
How America's pet owners feel about their furry friends  YouGov US

Pets of the Week: Dec. 14, 2019 - Washington Daily News - thewashingtondailynews.com
Pets of the Week: Dec. 14, 2019 - Washington Daily News  thewashingtondailynews.com

PET TALK: Emergency fur-st aid for pets - Chron.com
PET TALK: Emergency fur-st aid for pets  Chron.com

Contra Costa Animal Services kicks off $5 pet adoptions - KGO-TV
Contra Costa Animal Services kicks off $5 pet adoptions  KGO-TV

More than 40 exotic pets abandoned in SW Houston apartment - KTRK-TV
More than 40 exotic pets abandoned in SW Houston apartment  KTRK-TV

Story time’s for dogs, too! Students improve reading with local shelter pet program - The State
Story time’s for dogs, too! Students improve reading with local shelter pet program  The State

'While You Were Sleeping': Local clinic solves middle-of-the-night pet problems - KSAT San Antonio
'While You Were Sleeping': Local clinic solves middle-of-the-night pet problems  KSAT San Antonio

Pets don their festive best at annual Holiday Parade - pacificsandiego.com
Pets don their festive best at annual Holiday Parade  pacificsandiego.com

You can adopt 19 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Dec. 14-15 - SILive.com
You can adopt 19 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Dec. 14-15  SILive.com

Lonely Beijing citizens are helping create a billion-dollar industry around their pampered pets - CNN
Lonely Beijing citizens are helping create a billion-dollar industry around their pampered pets  CNN

Dogs Tail Art Raises Thousands For Alexandria Shelter Pets - Del Ray, VA Patch
Dogs Tail Art Raises Thousands For Alexandria Shelter Pets  Del Ray, VA Patch

Martin County deputies warning pet owners to be careful after deadly gator attacks - WPTV.com
Martin County deputies warning pet owners to be careful after deadly gator attacks  WPTV.com

Pets Page: Bartholomew County Humane Society - The Republic
Pets Page: Bartholomew County Humane Society  The Republic

Holiday photo shoot for pets Saturday | ABC Fox Great Falls - ABC FOX Montana
Holiday photo shoot for pets Saturday | ABC Fox Great Falls  ABC FOX Montana

Adelaide and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week - AZCentral
Adelaide and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week  AZCentral

Having Pets Is No Longer Politically Correct - Patheos
Having Pets Is No Longer Politically Correct  Patheos

The Most Ridiculous Gifts We’ve Given Our Pets - The Cut
The Most Ridiculous Gifts We’ve Given Our Pets  The Cut

Multiple pets killed in house fire - CBS46 News Atlanta
Multiple pets killed in house fire  CBS46 News Atlanta

Give your pets a treat thanks to Petlandia and Iconic Paw - WSVN 7News | Miami News, Weather, Sports | Fort Lauderdale
Give your pets a treat thanks to Petlandia and Iconic Paw  WSVN 7News | Miami News, Weather, Sports | Fort Lauderdale

Animal control offers tips to keep pets, livestock safe in winter weather - UpNorthLive.com
Animal control offers tips to keep pets, livestock safe in winter weather  UpNorthLive.com

Pet Owners Urged to Vaccinate Dogs Against Distemper - CBS Pittsburgh
Pet Owners Urged to Vaccinate Dogs Against Distemper  CBS Pittsburgh

MSPCA Cape Cod Offers Winter Pet Safety Tips - CapeCod.com News
MSPCA Cape Cod Offers Winter Pet Safety Tips  CapeCod.com News

Should You Test Your Dog's DNA? : Shots - Health News - NPR
Should You Test Your Dog's DNA? : Shots - Health News  NPR

Man receives cryptic note about his missing pet pigs - WILX-TV
Man receives cryptic note about his missing pet pigs  WILX-TV

San Marcos Regional Animal Shelter 'Pets Of The Week' - San Marcos Corridor News
San Marcos Regional Animal Shelter 'Pets Of The Week'  San Marcos Corridor News

Florida senator files bill to ban the lease of pets - Wink News
Florida senator files bill to ban the lease of pets  Wink News

What vets want you to know about feeding your pets people food this Christmas - Yahoo Lifestyle
What vets want you to know about feeding your pets people food this Christmas  Yahoo Lifestyle

Artists turn pampered pets into Renaissance 'pawtraits' - New York Post
Artists turn pampered pets into Renaissance 'pawtraits'  New York Post

Give the gift of an adopted pet this Christmas - WHNT News 19
Give the gift of an adopted pet this Christmas  WHNT News 19

Give Up Pets to Save the Planet! - National Review
Give Up Pets to Save the Planet!  National Review

BC vet talks tips for winter travel with pets - Coast Mountain News
BC vet talks tips for winter travel with pets  Coast Mountain News

Why Yes, You Can Buy a Cozy Knit Sweater for Your Pet Chicken on Etsy - PEOPLE.com
Why Yes, You Can Buy a Cozy Knit Sweater for Your Pet Chicken on Etsy  PEOPLE.com

Gift Guide: The 8 best holiday gifts for dogs and dog lovers - Fast Company
Gift Guide: The 8 best holiday gifts for dogs and dog lovers  Fast Company

Geozilla gives you a way to track your kids or pets - The Verge
Geozilla gives you a way to track your kids or pets  The Verge

Design Firm’s Dome Provides Private Bed, Storage, Space For Pets For The Homeless - CBS Pittsburgh
Design Firm’s Dome Provides Private Bed, Storage, Space For Pets For The Homeless  CBS Pittsburgh

Pet Owners Urged to Vaccinate Animals Against Distemper - CBS San Francisco
Pet Owners Urged to Vaccinate Animals Against Distemper  CBS San Francisco

Two pets die in Spring Street house fire - WANE
Two pets die in Spring Street house fire  WANE

Meet CC & get free pet pics with Santa! - WRGB
Meet CC & get free pet pics with Santa!  WRGB

Santa Anita Park unveils standing PET scan machine for horses - KABC-TV
Santa Anita Park unveils standing PET scan machine for horses  KABC-TV

Spay Today's reminder to get your pets spay and neutered - Martinsburg Journal
Spay Today's reminder to get your pets spay and neutered  Martinsburg Journal

Survey: Almost half of Ohio pet owners spend more on pets than partners for Christmas - WKRC TV Cincinnati
Survey: Almost half of Ohio pet owners spend more on pets than partners for Christmas  WKRC TV Cincinnati

Veterinarian aims to offer urgent care clinic concept for pets - nwitimes.com
Veterinarian aims to offer urgent care clinic concept for pets  nwitimes.com

PACC Giving Free Holiday Pet Microchipping, Asking For Donations - Patch.com
PACC Giving Free Holiday Pet Microchipping, Asking For Donations  Patch.com

Americans spend more than $72 billion on pets—here's how dogs and cats became big business - CNBC
Americans spend more than $72 billion on pets—here's how dogs and cats became big business  CNBC

There's a push to end "pet leasing" in Michigan - Michigan Radio
There's a push to end "pet leasing" in Michigan  Michigan Radio

Adopt these pets: A lab mix, a rabbit and a boxer mix - STLtoday.com
Adopt these pets: A lab mix, a rabbit and a boxer mix  STLtoday.com

Freeze-Dried Pets Are Forever - Slate
Freeze-Dried Pets Are Forever  Slate

The Best Pet-Friendly Hotels In Philadelphia - Forbes
The Best Pet-Friendly Hotels In Philadelphia  Forbes

Meet Elsa & Tulip: Gwinnett Animal Welfare's pets of the week - 11Alive.com WXIA
Meet Elsa & Tulip: Gwinnett Animal Welfare's pets of the week  11Alive.com WXIA

Vets reveal 9 of the biggest mistakes people make when feeding their pets - INSIDER
Vets reveal 9 of the biggest mistakes people make when feeding their pets  INSIDER

The Best Gifts for Any Pet Owner - PEOPLE.com
The Best Gifts for Any Pet Owner  PEOPLE.com

2 pets perish in duplex fire | Police/Fire | Journal Gazette - Fort Wayne Journal Gazette
2 pets perish in duplex fire | Police/Fire | Journal Gazette  Fort Wayne Journal Gazette

Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (12/11/19) - ABC15 Arizona
Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (12/11/19)  ABC15 Arizona

Albemarle County’s new pet licensing system leaves dog owners barking mad - WVIR
Albemarle County’s new pet licensing system leaves dog owners barking mad  WVIR

Pet Project 2019: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on Dec. 13 - MassLive.com
Pet Project 2019: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on Dec. 13  MassLive.com

Shenandoah Valley Animal Services accepting pet food as adoption fee for December - WHSV
Shenandoah Valley Animal Services accepting pet food as adoption fee for December  WHSV

'Oregon Loves Its Pets' license plates would raise money for local non-profit - KATU
'Oregon Loves Its Pets' license plates would raise money for local non-profit  KATU

New PET Scan Unveiled at Santa Anita - Thoroughbred Daily News
New PET Scan Unveiled at Santa Anita  Thoroughbred Daily News

Beware of online pet scams, Better Business Bureau warns - WVLT.TV
Beware of online pet scams, Better Business Bureau warns  WVLT.TV

Anthem pet rescue raising money for maimed pup found tied to fence - KTAR.com
Anthem pet rescue raising money for maimed pup found tied to fence  KTAR.com

NJ pets in need: Dec. 9, 2019 - NJ.com
NJ pets in need: Dec. 9, 2019  NJ.com

There’s big business in health supplements — for your pets - The Washington Post
There’s big business in health supplements — for your pets  The Washington Post

#SomethingGood: 2020 Calendar to Benefit Dancers and Pets - NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth
#SomethingGood: 2020 Calendar to Benefit Dancers and Pets  NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth

WINTER PET SAFETY TIPS: Keeping your furry friends safe inside and outside - kwwl.com
WINTER PET SAFETY TIPS: Keeping your furry friends safe inside and outside  kwwl.com

Redskins' Trent Williams' dog is accused of mauling neighbor's pet to death in Texas - CBS Sports
Redskins' Trent Williams' dog is accused of mauling neighbor's pet to death in Texas  CBS Sports

Chicagoans may be ready for real winter cold, but are their pets? A guide to keeping animals safe during a pol - Chicago Tribune
Chicagoans may be ready for real winter cold, but are their pets? A guide to keeping animals safe during a pol  Chicago Tribune

Keep Pets From Destroying Your Stuff - The New York Times
Keep Pets From Destroying Your Stuff  The New York Times

Christmas chocolate warning for pet owners after terrier rushed to vet - Sky News
Christmas chocolate warning for pet owners after terrier rushed to vet  Sky News

Pets of Harvard, 2019 - Harvard Crimson
Pets of Harvard, 2019  Harvard Crimson

BC Humane Society says gift of new pet this holiday means big responsibility - WBNG-TV
BC Humane Society says gift of new pet this holiday means big responsibility  WBNG-TV

Burglars spray Norwalk family's pets with insecticide on video - KABC-TV
Burglars spray Norwalk family's pets with insecticide on video  KABC-TV

Chewy racked up record sales on Cyber Monday as 'pet parents' splurged on holiday gifts - Business Insider
Chewy racked up record sales on Cyber Monday as 'pet parents' splurged on holiday gifts  Business Insider

This decade taught us to love viral pets. Now we have to grieve their deaths. - The Washington Post
This decade taught us to love viral pets. Now we have to grieve their deaths.  The Washington Post

Adoptable Pets Of The Week: Rex, Scottie, Ace, Frosty, Fringe - Rockville, MD Patch
Adoptable Pets Of The Week: Rex, Scottie, Ace, Frosty, Fringe  Rockville, MD Patch

Ask yourself these questions before flying with your dog or cat - USA TODAY
Ask yourself these questions before flying with your dog or cat  USA TODAY

Honoring the Bond: OSU veterinary social worker helps people cope with loss of pet - 10TV
Honoring the Bond: OSU veterinary social worker helps people cope with loss of pet  10TV

Eric visits the studio for Pet of the Week - NewsWest9.com
Eric visits the studio for Pet of the Week  NewsWest9.com

Best Ways To Protect Your Pet On The Road - Forbes
Best Ways To Protect Your Pet On The Road  Forbes

Holiday Pet Photo Gallery - KX NEWS
Holiday Pet Photo Gallery  KX NEWS

4 Investigates Alert: Lost pet scam - KOB
4 Investigates Alert: Lost pet scam  KOB

Pet Technology Unleashed! Pawtocol Launches its First IEO - Business Wire
Pet Technology Unleashed! Pawtocol Launches its First IEO  Business Wire

My Puppy Won’t Eat His Kibble. Can I Feed Him Human Food? - Slate
My Puppy Won’t Eat His Kibble. Can I Feed Him Human Food?  Slate

Pet pigs likely killed, teachers sing to school board: Top Ann Arbor headlines Dec. 8-12 - MLive.com
Pet pigs likely killed, teachers sing to school board: Top Ann Arbor headlines Dec. 8-12  MLive.com

Meet Nikki -- Today's Pet Pal! - WILX-TV
Meet Nikki -- Today's Pet Pal!  WILX-TV

China Spends $29 Billion on Pampering Pets as Birthrate Slows - Bloomberg
China Spends $29 Billion on Pampering Pets as Birthrate Slows  Bloomberg

Emma Thompson foresees people eating pets for 'protein' due to 'climate crisis' - Fox News
Emma Thompson foresees people eating pets for 'protein' due to 'climate crisis'  Fox News

Analysis: Impeachment's no 'game changer' and other pet peeves - Roll Call
Analysis: Impeachment's no 'game changer' and other pet peeves  Roll Call

Maine duck owner posts singles ad for his pet bird, successfully sets up date - New York Daily News
Maine duck owner posts singles ad for his pet bird, successfully sets up date  New York Daily News

Stark County Pet Food Pantry opens in Canton - Canton Repository
Stark County Pet Food Pantry opens in Canton  Canton Repository

Police Searching For Person Who Shot, Killed Pet Cat In Indiana Co. - CBS Pittsburgh
Police Searching For Person Who Shot, Killed Pet Cat In Indiana Co.  CBS Pittsburgh

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