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Canine Communication and Body Language


A couple of years ago a Japanese electronics company came up with a Gizmo which they claimed could convert dogs barks, yips and whines into human language, thereby allowing us to understand "Doggie" speak for the first time. I was on a radio program recently, discussing the merits and usefulness of a new dog collar that was also a mobile phone. You could ring up and converse with your dog at any time and enjoy a nice cosy chat. You might as well text your pet for all the good phoning it would do; the mostly likely outcome of this idea would be to startle and frighten your pet.

In reality, real canine language is not just verbal; it is a rich visual language, where dogs are able to converse with each other irrespective of breed or nationality. A Collie from Wales can converse with an Akita from Japan and a Poodle living in France with a village dog in Ethiopia.

Dogs have a truly universal language that can be incredibly subtle and wide ranging. This marvellous language is one that we can also learn and understand, and through that ability communicate with our dogs far more effectively.

However this is a language that needs to be practiced for our dogs to be fluent. That is why early socialisation, puppy classes, and controlled play with other vaccinated dogs is so vitally important, especially in the critical periods from 7 to 16 weeks. As a behaviorist I get to treat many of these animals that are unable to give calming signals or are stunted in their ability to meet and greet because of the lack of early socialisation.

These are normally the ones that have fear and animosity towards other dogs and sometimes humans, culminating in the most common aggression of all "Fear". In many cases, they are unable to understand or signal their intentions; a classic example is boxers who are often attacked by other dogs. They have been bred with flattened features that are almost immobile, then we dock their tail to a tiny useless stub, making them unable to display some of the facial and tail signals that are so important in the greeting ritual.

I said earlier that we can learn this language, however some aspects of canine language are so complex, that we cannot even start to reproduce it with our puny two legs, small immobile ears, and lack of tail.

We are further hampered by the fact that we tend to think that our pets can understand complex thought patterns; we assume a dog's level of understanding is on a par with our own. This is known as "anthropomorphism", the dictionary definition is "The attribution of human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to nonhuman organisms or inanimate objects". It is a bit like saying that a vine climbed up the tree to getter a better view of the garden.

Dogs and Vocalisation

Dogs do bark and vocalise it is a part of their ability to converse, however this is only one factor in your dogs language repertoire, effectively when they bark they are saying "Heyyyyy". This can be happy, demanding or questioning. They also communicate verbally in other ways the excited Yip when you get the lead out, the bark they make when someone is at the door, quite different from the nervous bark when they hear something unusual.

Having said that true communication comes from the glance, the head position, the body posture, and a myriad of other signals constantly being passed back and forth. Dogs try to converse with us, but without understanding the subtly of the language we often miss most of what they are trying to convey. This can cause misunderstanding and confusion and may be one of the main reasons we get the behavioral problems we see today.

Greeting and Appeasing Signals

We humans are the direct descendants of primates including ape's chimpanzees, bonobos and gorillas. That is not to denigrate our unique position on the evolutionary ladder, but our heritage is none the less, Primate. Dog's ancestry is intrinsically linked to the wolf, therefore Canids, which include wolves, coyotes, and jackals, a very different species with very different body language.

Where communication sometimes breaks down is when we greet other species, we tend approach then as we would humans, face on making full eye contact; we often hug, face to face, putting our faces close together. Just look at the common greeting of kissing both cheeks. To a dog, this is a threatening gesture and is deemed rude and inappropriate.

Have you ever seen dogs hug? In the main most of our pets suffer this indignity in silence but not always. This is one of the reasons people are bitten, especially young children under five, who tend to cuddle everything they can get their hands on. This coupled with the fact that you cannot negotiate with a child under five, you have more chance of negotiating with a terrorist. Ask any mother, this sadly makes the toddler one of the most frequent victims of dog bites.

If you stand over a dog and ruffle the top of its head this can also be perceived as threatening, imagine someone coming up to you and ruffling your hair every time you met, how would you feel?

Turid Rugaas (1) The Norwegian behaviorist and acknowledged expert on reading the intricate body language of our canine companion's states that dogs have a highly developed set of calming signals that act as diffusers of aggression and conflict. These signals include circling, lip licking, yawning, sniffing the ground, looking away, moving very slowly and deliberately, the body shake as if shedding water, distracted sniffing, and either sitting or lying down. These signals are aimed at other dogs but are also directed at us, who are also perceived loosely as pack members.

Just as we expect our pets to understand our every word, then dogs think we can interpret their signals, quite often these are the ones we miss when our dogs are stressed or worried. If you can spot them you can actually signal back calming gestures in response such as yawning, lip licking, moving slowly, and looking away. This helps to diffuse the situation and relax your pet.

If you think about it, these actions are the opposite of the aggressive stance that dogs take as a prequel to an attack or dogfight.

Aggression

As opposed to the calming signals, this body language is initially easier to read and includes ears pinned back flat against head, or sometimes pointed forward, hackles raised, hard stare, low head stance, stiff legged walk, lips skinned back, and tail either upright and quivering or straight out not wagging. There may be low growling or a snarl. Sometimes the dog gives a whale eye this is when the head is turned slightly away but the eyes showing the whites are turned towards you. This is often the look when the dog is guarding something like a bone. All these signals are a threat, the dog is saying stop what you are doing or there could be violence.

In Wolf packs these threat displays are a way of controlling the hierarchical structure, the breeding males and females will control their pack position by these overtly aggressive stance . Rarely does it turn into violence these animals cannot really afford to be injured or hurt in an all out fight, therefore threat displays normally suffice.

Because of our and sometimes other dogs, inability to read the postures and body language and give calming signals in return means that sometimes the threats can actually escalate into physical violence.

Timid Dogs: If you find that your dog is very fearful or timid round strangers get them to walk him on a lead with you, it calms and gives confidence to the stressed dog, make sure you are walking next to the dog at the same time

In conclusion, we need to watch and learn from our pets, if you write down the numerous signals your pet gives and in what context you will gradually build up an understanding of what he is saying to you.

You can then signal back appeasing signals in return turn your head away, yawn, or lick your lips at a fearful or aggressive dog and you may just diffuse the situation.

With practice, you should find yourself more able to communicate with your dog with a more enriched and sophisticated vocabulary. This will benefit both you and your dog and allow you to have a better understanding and more relaxed relationship with your pet.

Stan Rawlinson
© June 2005

Dog Behaviorist and Obedience Trainer, Stan Rawlinson has owned and worked dogs for over 25 years, starting with gundogs but also specialising in the behavioral and obedience side of training companion dogs. He now has a successful practice covering Greater London, Surrey, and Middlesex.

Stan is recommended by numerous Vets, Rescue Centres, and Charities and writes for numerous magazines including Dogs Monthly, Our Dogs and K9 Magazine he also serves as an expert on K9 Magazine's Animal Advisory Panel.

http://www.doglistener.co.uk enquiries@doglistener.co.uk 0208 979 2019


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Fri. November / 22 / 2019

Pets of the week: Sweetie, Rocket are friendly pets looking for homes - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Sweetie, Rocket are friendly pets looking for homes  MLive.com

Check out the pets you can adopt fee-free in Minneapolis on Friday - Bring Me The News
Check out the pets you can adopt fee-free in Minneapolis on Friday  Bring Me The News

A Paws for Pets - York News-Times
A Paws for Pets  York News-Times

You love your dog more than humans. This company reaps the benefits - USA TODAY
You love your dog more than humans. This company reaps the benefits  USA TODAY

Pets rescued after paper too close to space heater sparks fire - WWBT NBC12 News
Pets rescued after paper too close to space heater sparks fire  WWBT NBC12 News

25 Years Of ‘Pet Of The Week’, Homes Found For 1,400 Pets - WCCO | CBS Minnesota
25 Years Of ‘Pet Of The Week’, Homes Found For 1,400 Pets  WCCO | CBS Minnesota

Don’t feed pets these Thanksgiving foods - WWBT NBC12 News
Don’t feed pets these Thanksgiving foods  WWBT NBC12 News

New Immune-Boosting Pet Supplement May Add Years to the Life of Your Pet - PRNewswire
New Immune-Boosting Pet Supplement May Add Years to the Life of Your Pet  PRNewswire

You can adopt 18 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Nov. 23-24 - SILive.com
You can adopt 18 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Nov. 23-24  SILive.com

6 Thanksgiving foods you should keep away from your pets - WNDU-TV
6 Thanksgiving foods you should keep away from your pets  WNDU-TV

Petition seeks medical marijuana for ailing household pets - Boston Herald
Petition seeks medical marijuana for ailing household pets  Boston Herald

Free pet food offered Nov. 23 at Mary S. Roberts Pet Adoption Center - Press-Enterprise
Free pet food offered Nov. 23 at Mary S. Roberts Pet Adoption Center  Press-Enterprise

Massive ‘Borderlands 3’ Patch Buffs Moze’s Mech, FL4K’s Pets And Zane’s Everything - Forbes
Massive ‘Borderlands 3’ Patch Buffs Moze’s Mech, FL4K’s Pets And Zane’s Everything  Forbes

Pets on the Plaza: Meet Cosmos - 47abc - WMDT
Pets on the Plaza: Meet Cosmos - 47abc  WMDT

Pets of the Week for Nov. 21 - Chico Enterprise-Record
Pets of the Week for Nov. 21  Chico Enterprise-Record

Christmas themed fundraiser is spreading holiday joy and helping pets - KAUZ
Christmas themed fundraiser is spreading holiday joy and helping pets  KAUZ

Pets of the Week: Maverick, Jack, Finny and Margot are ready for adoption - The Daily Breeze
Pets of the Week: Maverick, Jack, Finny and Margot are ready for adoption  The Daily Breeze

Adopt these pets: A Shih Tzu, a heeler mix and a cat - STLtoday.com
Adopt these pets: A Shih Tzu, a heeler mix and a cat  STLtoday.com

Hen party: Portsmouth man wins right to keep chickens as pets - Seacoastonline.com
Hen party: Portsmouth man wins right to keep chickens as pets  Seacoastonline.com

Pets available for adoption at Goleta animal Adopt-a-thon - KEYT
Pets available for adoption at Goleta animal Adopt-a-thon  KEYT

Foods you should avoid feeding your pet this Thanksgiving - WEAR
Foods you should avoid feeding your pet this Thanksgiving  WEAR

These adorable pets need new homes! - WCVB Boston
These adorable pets need new homes!  WCVB Boston

Help Unwanted Tri-Valley Pets On Giving Tuesday - Patch.com
Help Unwanted Tri-Valley Pets On Giving Tuesday  Patch.com

5 pets escape blaze at Wake Forest home - Wakeweekly
5 pets escape blaze at Wake Forest home  Wakeweekly

Losing a pet is tough. That's why this program that helps pet owners deal with grief wants to expand - KPAX-TV
Losing a pet is tough. That's why this program that helps pet owners deal with grief wants to expand  KPAX-TV

Pets of the Week: Louie, Champ, Bobby and Jasper are ready for adoption - Long Beach Press Telegram
Pets of the Week: Louie, Champ, Bobby and Jasper are ready for adoption  Long Beach Press Telegram

Thanksgiving table staples that could be toxic to your pets - Cleveland 19 News
Thanksgiving table staples that could be toxic to your pets  Cleveland 19 News

Heart of America Humane Society left without way to transport KCK pets after van vandalized - KSHB
Heart of America Humane Society left without way to transport KCK pets after van vandalized  KSHB

How Sasha the lost cat found his way home after 5 years and 1,300 miles - AZCentral
How Sasha the lost cat found his way home after 5 years and 1,300 miles  AZCentral

NAWS Adoptable Pets Of The Week: La Grange And Harlem - Mokena, IL Patch
NAWS Adoptable Pets Of The Week: La Grange And Harlem  Mokena, IL Patch

Frozen cat food recalled over salmonella risk posed to pets and owners - USA TODAY
Frozen cat food recalled over salmonella risk posed to pets and owners  USA TODAY

Pet of the Week: Strawberry the Shepherd-mix - WKOW
Pet of the Week: Strawberry the Shepherd-mix  WKOW

Pets Are Eating Our Sex Toys and Nobody Is Talking About It - ELLE.com
Pets Are Eating Our Sex Toys and Nobody Is Talking About It  ELLE.com

Animal Clinic of Milford/ Thanksgiving Pet Safety Tips - Patch.com
Animal Clinic of Milford/ Thanksgiving Pet Safety Tips  Patch.com

Several pets rescued, one dog dies in large house fire in Franklin - FOX61 Hartford
Several pets rescued, one dog dies in large house fire in Franklin  FOX61 Hartford

Don't let the kids down! Fortnite, Treasure X and Little Live Pets toys start at just $5 - Yahoo Lifestyle
Don't let the kids down! Fortnite, Treasure X and Little Live Pets toys start at just $5  Yahoo Lifestyle

Pet Project 2019: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on Nov. 22 - MassLive.com
Pet Project 2019: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on Nov. 22  MassLive.com

It's A Zoo Out There: Pets, Service Animals And Emotional Support Animals - Forbes
It's A Zoo Out There: Pets, Service Animals And Emotional Support Animals  Forbes

The pet industry's shift towards technology - Axios
The pet industry's shift towards technology  Axios

Freeze-Dried Pets Are Forever - Slate
Freeze-Dried Pets Are Forever  Slate

Pets take pictures with Santa - WTAP-TV
Pets take pictures with Santa  WTAP-TV

Anonymous Donor Gives 40000 Pounds Of Pet Food To Shelter - 750 KXL
Anonymous Donor Gives 40000 Pounds Of Pet Food To Shelter  750 KXL

How to make sure your pet has a stress-free holiday - Yahoo Lifestyle
How to make sure your pet has a stress-free holiday  Yahoo Lifestyle

'They're like children': How to keep pets safe amid record-breaking cold weather - USA TODAY
'They're like children': How to keep pets safe amid record-breaking cold weather  USA TODAY

Foods for pets to avoid during the holiday season with Vet Blair - KARK
Foods for pets to avoid during the holiday season with Vet Blair  KARK

Free preventative care clinic for pets for low-income, homeless pet owners happening Monday - KSAT San Antonio
Free preventative care clinic for pets for low-income, homeless pet owners happening Monday  KSAT San Antonio

The Curious Tale of the Stolen Pets Out Today for PS VR - PlayStation.Blog
The Curious Tale of the Stolen Pets Out Today for PS VR  PlayStation.Blog

Meeting held on prevention tactics after pets attacked by coyotes in College Park - WESH 2 Orlando
Meeting held on prevention tactics after pets attacked by coyotes in College Park  WESH 2 Orlando

Tips to protect your pet from the winter temperatures - KFOR Oklahoma City
Tips to protect your pet from the winter temperatures  KFOR Oklahoma City

2019 Holiday Gift Guide • Pet, Kids and Fun - Dallas Voice
2019 Holiday Gift Guide • Pet, Kids and Fun  Dallas Voice

Anonymous donor gives 40,000 pounds of pet food to Oregon shelter - Q13 News Seattle
Anonymous donor gives 40,000 pounds of pet food to Oregon shelter  Q13 News Seattle

Middle school students running their own pet supply company - KMOV.com
Middle school students running their own pet supply company  KMOV.com

Dos and don'ts of Thanksgiving pet treats - NorthcentralPa.com
Dos and don'ts of Thanksgiving pet treats  NorthcentralPa.com

Cat Food Sold Nationwide Is Recalled Over Risks To Pets And Humans - KFSM 5Newsonline
Cat Food Sold Nationwide Is Recalled Over Risks To Pets And Humans  KFSM 5Newsonline

Adoption center has senior pets looking for a home - KOB
Adoption center has senior pets looking for a home  KOB

Rabies confirmed in pet cat, Michigan county health officials say - MLive.com
Rabies confirmed in pet cat, Michigan county health officials say  MLive.com

Old dogs, new tricks: 10,000 pets needed for science - NBCNews.com
Old dogs, new tricks: 10,000 pets needed for science  NBCNews.com

Leon County Humane Society collecting pet food donations for seniors in need - WTXL ABC 27
Leon County Humane Society collecting pet food donations for seniors in need  WTXL ABC 27

Where do your pets fit in with your holiday plans? - WTOP
Where do your pets fit in with your holiday plans?  WTOP

Here's proof pets have unconditional love for their humans - WLWT Cincinnati
Here's proof pets have unconditional love for their humans  WLWT Cincinnati

Gov. Ivey awards $95K grant to provide shelter for pets belonging to victims of domestic violence - WSFA
Gov. Ivey awards $95K grant to provide shelter for pets belonging to victims of domestic violence  WSFA

Pet Tales: How sweet Nala saved her own life at a shelter - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Pet Tales: How sweet Nala saved her own life at a shelter  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

U of S research looks into health benefits of cannabis for pets - Saskatoon StarPhoenix
U of S research looks into health benefits of cannabis for pets  Saskatoon StarPhoenix

City warns pet owners to be wary of weather - Monitor
City warns pet owners to be wary of weather  Monitor

San Diego and NYC animal shelters receive 230,000 pounds of pet food for holidays - CBS News 8
San Diego and NYC animal shelters receive 230,000 pounds of pet food for holidays  CBS News 8

Pups in tuxes and paw-dicures at pet-friendly Fur Ball to support PAWS Chicago - Chicago Tribune
Pups in tuxes and paw-dicures at pet-friendly Fur Ball to support PAWS Chicago  Chicago Tribune

Pet Startup Pawp Wants To Take A Bite Out Of Chewy - Forbes
Pet Startup Pawp Wants To Take A Bite Out Of Chewy  Forbes

Pets Get An Oppawtunity To Explore David Lawrence Center - CBS Pittsburgh
Pets Get An Oppawtunity To Explore David Lawrence Center  CBS Pittsburgh

Holiday Spending On Pets Is Geared Toward This Type Of Furry Friend, Poll Finds - Romper
Holiday Spending On Pets Is Geared Toward This Type Of Furry Friend, Poll Finds  Romper

NJ pets in need: Nov. 18, 2019 - NJ.com
NJ pets in need: Nov. 18, 2019  NJ.com

Local adoption center needs help rescuing more pets - WHNT News 19
Local adoption center needs help rescuing more pets  WHNT News 19

Several pets dead, home damaged in Longview fire - KLTV
Several pets dead, home damaged in Longview fire  KLTV

Pets with Potential: Meet Kitty - WCAX
Pets with Potential: Meet Kitty  WCAX

Area pets available for adoption (PHOTOS), Nov. 20, 2019 - OregonLive
Area pets available for adoption (PHOTOS), Nov. 20, 2019  OregonLive

Can my pet eat this? Holiday food tips for your pets - KRON4
Can my pet eat this? Holiday food tips for your pets  KRON4

Meet Our Pet of the Week: Pebbles! - WLTZ 38 NBC
Meet Our Pet of the Week: Pebbles!  WLTZ 38 NBC

Pet photos with Santa - Chicago Tribune
Pet photos with Santa  Chicago Tribune

The best pet and animal related gifts of 2019 - Los Angeles Times
The best pet and animal related gifts of 2019  Los Angeles Times

Pets prance at Santa Paws 5K :: Out and About at - WRAL.com
Pets prance at Santa Paws 5K :: Out and About at  WRAL.com

Protecting your pets from the cold - WITN
Protecting your pets from the cold  WITN

Meet Perfect Pet, Bill Nye! - KGO-TV
Meet Perfect Pet, Bill Nye!  KGO-TV

Tim Tebow gives 'one of the toughest goodbyes' to his pet dog, Bronco, in emotional video post - ESPN
Tim Tebow gives 'one of the toughest goodbyes' to his pet dog, Bronco, in emotional video post  ESPN

Kent County Animal Shelter waiving fees on adoptable pets - WZZM13.com
Kent County Animal Shelter waiving fees on adoptable pets  WZZM13.com

Nashville Is Going to the Dogs in a Good Way — And Your City Can Too! - PEOPLE.com
Nashville Is Going to the Dogs in a Good Way — And Your City Can Too!  PEOPLE.com

Make sure your pet goes into 2020 happy and healthy - KIIITV.com
Make sure your pet goes into 2020 happy and healthy  KIIITV.com

Cat food sold nationwide is recalled over Salmonella risk to pets, humans - KATU
Cat food sold nationwide is recalled over Salmonella risk to pets, humans  KATU

Enter $100 drawing with photo of your pet dressed for holidays - Las Vegas Review-Journal
Enter $100 drawing with photo of your pet dressed for holidays  Las Vegas Review-Journal

'Bring your pets inside.' MACC on protecting your pets in the cold - NewsChannel5.com
'Bring your pets inside.' MACC on protecting your pets in the cold  NewsChannel5.com

Meet Perfect Pets, Bell Bell and Petey! - KGO-TV
Meet Perfect Pets, Bell Bell and Petey!  KGO-TV

Pet Parents: This Is Your Holiday-Travel Essential - Refinery29
Pet Parents: This Is Your Holiday-Travel Essential  Refinery29

Scientists develop sensor to save children and pets from hot car deaths - CNN
Scientists develop sensor to save children and pets from hot car deaths  CNN

Hotel Owners Challenge Ocean City's Pet Policy - WBOC-TV 16, Delmarvas News Leader, FOX 21 - - WBOC TV 16
Hotel Owners Challenge Ocean City's Pet Policy - WBOC-TV 16, Delmarvas News Leader, FOX 21 -  WBOC TV 16

Pets of the week: Abandoned by his owner, pretty Marshmallow needs some love - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Abandoned by his owner, pretty Marshmallow needs some love  MLive.com

Lost And Found Pets Of Will County: Week of Nov. 18 - Mokena, IL Patch
Lost And Found Pets Of Will County: Week of Nov. 18  Mokena, IL Patch

Hurricane Katrina inspired a national pet evacuation policy. The plan could save human lives, too. - Vox.com
Hurricane Katrina inspired a national pet evacuation policy. The plan could save human lives, too.  Vox.com

Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (11/19/2019) - ABC15 Arizona
Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (11/19/2019)  ABC15 Arizona

Area pets available for adoption (PHOTOS), Nov. 13, 2019 - OregonLive
Area pets available for adoption (PHOTOS), Nov. 13, 2019  OregonLive

California Veterans Can Soon Get Free Pets - Military.com
California Veterans Can Soon Get Free Pets  Military.com

ARL rescues 26 pets from Des Moines feces-filled home, cages - KCCI Des Moines
ARL rescues 26 pets from Des Moines feces-filled home, cages  KCCI Des Moines

Keeping your pets safe during the winter months - 10TV
Keeping your pets safe during the winter months  10TV

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