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Parachromis Managuense


Parachromis managuense has a bad reputation, just like many of the other large predatory cichlids. This reputation is largely undeserved, and besides, the positive sides of these fishes more than make up for any negative ones. Not to mention that an adult P. managuense is incredibly beautiful.

I've kept these cichlids and have nothing but good to say about them as long as you have an aquarium large enough to handle this species that grows to 55 cm/22 inches. I would say that the absolute minimum to keep these cichlids together with other cichlids is a tank of 540 litres/120 gallons. And that's a minimum; a larger aquarium is preferable. Large specimens require even larger aquariums. They can be bred in aquariums that are at least 250 litres/55 gallons.

The aquarium should be decorated so that natural territory boundaries are created and so that there are a lot of hiding places for the female, as the male can be quite mean to her if she isn't ready to breed when he is. Larger rocks should be placed directly on the bottom of the aquarium since this species digs a lot and can move large stones. Use silica to glue caves and stone formations together so that they don't fall down.

This species hasn't got any bigger demands and thrives in most water conditions as long as pH and DH levels aren't too extreme in either direction.

P. managuense can be kept with other cichlids from the region as long as they aren't too small and can stand up for themselves. This is true for most cichlids species from Central America. P. managuense can be aggressive, but in my experience their aggressiveness is greatly exaggerated and P. managuense leaves most fishes alone. However, during breeding they will protect their young and their territory furiously, and since they are quite large they can claim large territories especially if normal boundaries aren't created in the aquarium. But I wish to stress that P. managuense normally isn't that aggressive and doesn't beat other fish to death. Just don't keep them with fish small enough to eat (except for Ancistrus which usually survive despite their small size).

Feeding P. managuense is easy and they accept just about any food. I recommend feeding them a diet of pellets, shrimps and fish bits. To vary the diet I sometimes feed them live feeders, usually convicts since it seems that one always have spare convicts one can't get rid of by selling or giving away. I usually feed my P. managuense twice a day with the occasional week without food.

Sexing P. managuense is usually easy and follows the line of most other cichlids. Females are smaller and rounder. Breeding P. managuense is according to my experience also easy as long as you give them their own aquarium. Breeding them in aquariums with other cichlids is harder, but not too hard. The biggest problem is deciding what to do with and how to raise the very large number of fry. Each spawning can generate up to 2000-3000 fry.

They are usually very good parents and the fry grow very fast. They guard their young for up to 6 weeks during which time the fry reach a size of 1.5 - 2 cm, or approximately ¾ inch. After that the parents spawn again and the fry have to be removed or the parents will kill them while protecting the new batch. However on rare occasions the parents can protect two batches simultaneously. This usually ends in the second batch being eaten by their older sisters and brothers, which will grow very fast on this diet. :-)

Spawnings are usually 4-7 weeks apart. They usually lay their eggs on a rock or root that has been carefully cleaned, and then dig very big craters right down to the glass bottom in which to keep their young. The fry are small but accept most kinds of food. The parents will spit out pellets that they've chewed into tiny pieces for the fry to eat. The growth rate I mentioned above is based on my own experiences when I feed only pellets. However, I don't recommend you to rely too heavily on the parents chewing food for their young. You might observe whether the fry get the food they need this way, but if they don't I recommend you feed the fry if you want them to survive.

Raising the fry without their parents is much harder and I wouldn't recommend separating fry unless it's absolutely necessary. If possible, it's better to wait a few weeks until the fry have grown a little.

If you like predatory fish and are willing to take my word that most of its reputation is undeserved, then I recommend you to try this very beautiful fish.

About The Author

Article by William Berg writer for Aquatic Community with more then 20 years of aquarium experience. Find more of Williams articles about other cichlids or maybe something completely different like dogs

Article may be reproduce as long as it is not edited and this resource box is included "as is with live links" on the bottom of the page. (Java links and PHP links are not allowed, I.e. SE friendly links only)


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Thu. May / 06 / 2021

Pets of the Week: May 6, 2021 - WSIL TV
Pets of the Week: May 6, 2021  WSIL TV

Boa constrictor saved, MDC reminds people not to ‘dump’ unwanted pets - KTVI Fox 2 St. Louis
Boa constrictor saved, MDC reminds people not to ‘dump’ unwanted pets  KTVI Fox 2 St. Louis

Pets on the Plaza: Meet Cherokee - 47abc - WMDT
Pets on the Plaza: Meet Cherokee - 47abc  WMDT

‘Pet anxiety is real’: More employers willing to allow pandemic-pets when staff return to the office - Digiday
‘Pet anxiety is real’: More employers willing to allow pandemic-pets when staff return to the office  Digiday

In Seattle, the pandemic separates pets from owners — but there's help - Crosscut
In Seattle, the pandemic separates pets from owners — but there's help  Crosscut

Pets in brief, May 6, 2021 | Paws | santafenewmexican.com - Santa Fe New Mexican
Pets in brief, May 6, 2021 | Paws | santafenewmexican.com  Santa Fe New Mexican

Pets of the Week - Chico Enterprise-Record
Pets of the Week  Chico Enterprise-Record

City of Rochester implements ‘Pet Safety Net’ program - RochesterFirst
City of Rochester implements ‘Pet Safety Net’ program  RochesterFirst

The best hip and joint supplement for pets - WWLP.com
The best hip and joint supplement for pets  WWLP.com

‘Urgent need’: Orange County Animal Services caring for nearly 300 pets, seeking adopters - WFTV Orlando
‘Urgent need’: Orange County Animal Services caring for nearly 300 pets, seeking adopters  WFTV Orlando

IndyHumane takes part in worldwide push to find pets forever homes - WISHTV.com
IndyHumane takes part in worldwide push to find pets forever homes  WISHTV.com

‘Melon seedlings make good pets’: how lockdown made us love houseplants - The Guardian
‘Melon seedlings make good pets’: how lockdown made us love houseplants  The Guardian

Central Georgia Pet Talent Show: Your videos - 13WMAZ.com
Central Georgia Pet Talent Show: Your videos  13WMAZ.com

Tampa Bay area pets hoping to be adopted - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets hoping to be adopted  Tampa Bay Times

Abington Adoptable Pets: Meet Gianna, Lucky, Carol & More - Abington, PA Patch
Abington Adoptable Pets: Meet Gianna, Lucky, Carol & More  Abington, PA Patch

Great River Rescue to host pet wellness clinic - Bemidji Pioneer
Great River Rescue to host pet wellness clinic  Bemidji Pioneer

Empty the Shelters: Help pets find forever homes this week - WOODTV.com
Empty the Shelters: Help pets find forever homes this week  WOODTV.com

Teachers struggle to care for turtles, tortoises and other class pets during pandemic - Union Democrat
Teachers struggle to care for turtles, tortoises and other class pets during pandemic  Union Democrat

Pets may need help adjusting to changing times - FOX10 News
Pets may need help adjusting to changing times  FOX10 News

The Unshakeable Interspecies Bond of Pet Moms - Vogue
The Unshakeable Interspecies Bond of Pet Moms  Vogue

Meet our pets of the week: A bonded pair of dogs, a duck and a bunny - STLtoday.com
Meet our pets of the week: A bonded pair of dogs, a duck and a bunny  STLtoday.com

Adoptable Pets of the week | Featured Content | suncoastnews.com - Suncoast News
Adoptable Pets of the week | Featured Content | suncoastnews.com  Suncoast News

Fire Chief: Wise County home destroyed, pets killed in fire - WYMT News
Fire Chief: Wise County home destroyed, pets killed in fire  WYMT News

China's netizens call for crackdown after "blind box" pet rescue - Reuters
China's netizens call for crackdown after "blind box" pet rescue  Reuters

Adoptable Pets of the Week: Dana - San Clemente Times
Adoptable Pets of the Week: Dana  San Clemente Times

Sunshine, Fresh Air, Painted Stones & Pet Memories - Greeneville Sun
Sunshine, Fresh Air, Painted Stones & Pet Memories  Greeneville Sun

Alachua County Pets: Jello, Henny, and Dino - WCJB
Alachua County Pets: Jello, Henny, and Dino  WCJB

How Losing a Pet Can Make You Stronger - The New York Times
How Losing a Pet Can Make You Stronger  The New York Times

Global Pet Care E-commerce Market Report 2021 Featuring Amazon, Chewy, PETstock. BarkBox, PetSmart, Walmart, PetMed Express, Petco Animal Supplies, TABcom, Nestle, & PetFlow - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Yahoo Finance
Global Pet Care E-commerce Market Report 2021 Featuring Amazon, Chewy, PETstock. BarkBox, PetSmart, Walmart, PetMed Express, Petco Animal Supplies, TABcom, Nestle, & PetFlow - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Yahoo Finance

City offering temporary pet boarding for residents in need - 13WHAM-TV
City offering temporary pet boarding for residents in need  13WHAM-TV

Pet Wearable Market Size & Share | North America, Europe, & APAC Industry Forecasts 2026 - GlobeNewswire
Pet Wearable Market Size & Share | North America, Europe, & APAC Industry Forecasts 2026  GlobeNewswire

NYS Senate passes bill banning pet stores from selling dogs, cats and rabbits - RochesterFirst
NYS Senate passes bill banning pet stores from selling dogs, cats and rabbits  RochesterFirst

Barking news: Political pets are relevant again - uscannenbergmedia.com
Barking news: Political pets are relevant again  uscannenbergmedia.com

KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Brother - KCBD
KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Brother  KCBD

Pet Connection: Meet Gru - KVRR
Pet Connection: Meet Gru  KVRR

10 Cute Mother's Day Gifts for Devoted Pet Parents - PEOPLE
10 Cute Mother's Day Gifts for Devoted Pet Parents  PEOPLE

Man allegedly killing pets has St. Louis neighborhood up in arms - CBS News
Man allegedly killing pets has St. Louis neighborhood up in arms  CBS News

The best air purifier for pet dander - WOODTV.com
The best air purifier for pet dander  WOODTV.com

More Pets For Adoption From County Shelter - The Transylvania Times - The Transylvania Times
More Pets For Adoption From County Shelter - The Transylvania Times  The Transylvania Times

Kankakee man saves his family, pets from house fire - Kankakee Daily Journal
Kankakee man saves his family, pets from house fire  Kankakee Daily Journal

Global Pet Market – Analysis By Type, Pet Type, By Distribution Channel, By Region, : Market Insights, Covid - GlobeNewswire
Global Pet Market – Analysis By Type, Pet Type, By Distribution Channel, By Region, : Market Insights, Covid  GlobeNewswire

Animals stolen from Preuss Pets in Lansing - WLNS
Animals stolen from Preuss Pets in Lansing  WLNS

Some pet-safe plants repel mosquitoes | Community - The Leader
Some pet-safe plants repel mosquitoes | Community  The Leader

Mr. Handyman presents fifth annual "My 'Pet' Peeves" photo contest for National Pet Month - Franchising.com
Mr. Handyman presents fifth annual "My 'Pet' Peeves" photo contest for National Pet Month  Franchising.com

Hilton launches a dog menu for pets who helped their owners through the pandemic - CNN
Hilton launches a dog menu for pets who helped their owners through the pandemic  CNN

Fendi Releases Pet Travel Line – WWD - WWD
Fendi Releases Pet Travel Line – WWD  WWD

German 'dead fraudster' exposed by pet poodle in Majorca - BBC News
German 'dead fraudster' exposed by pet poodle in Majorca  BBC News

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of May 2 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of May 2  Summit Daily News

The time has come to start training the pets for your return to work - CNN
The time has come to start training the pets for your return to work  CNN

Pet of the Week: Speckle and Boint - WWLP.com
Pet of the Week: Speckle and Boint  WWLP.com

Lawmakers want billions in government spending on unusual pet projects, Fox News investigation finds - Fox News
Lawmakers want billions in government spending on unusual pet projects, Fox News investigation finds  Fox News

Meet the CNYSPCA Pet of the week: Mandoe the Siberian husky - syracuse.com
Meet the CNYSPCA Pet of the week: Mandoe the Siberian husky  syracuse.com

The global pet oral care products market was valued at USD 1,564.1 million in 2020 and is projected to register a CAGR of 6.6 % during the forecast period (2021-2026 - Yahoo Finance
The global pet oral care products market was valued at USD 1,564.1 million in 2020 and is projected to register a CAGR of 6.6 % during the forecast period (2021-2026  Yahoo Finance

‘The Traveling Zoo’: Life on the Road, With Pets at Their Side - The New York Times
‘The Traveling Zoo’: Life on the Road, With Pets at Their Side  The New York Times

Megan Thee Stallion Pet Series Leads Snapchat’s Latest Original Lineup - Deadline
Megan Thee Stallion Pet Series Leads Snapchat’s Latest Original Lineup  Deadline

Federal Grant Applications Now Open: Funding to Support Pet-Friendly Domestic Violence Shelters - Yahoo Finance
Federal Grant Applications Now Open: Funding to Support Pet-Friendly Domestic Violence Shelters  Yahoo Finance

Pet ownership among higher-income households driving unprecedented pet spending - Pet Food Processing
Pet ownership among higher-income households driving unprecedented pet spending  Pet Food Processing

Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (5/5/21) - ABC15 Arizona
Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (5/5/21)  ABC15 Arizona

U.S. pet adoptions still strong as cats, dogs melt stress - Reuters
U.S. pet adoptions still strong as cats, dogs melt stress  Reuters

PHOTOS: Pets of the Week | Local News | mooresvilletribune.com - Mooresville Tribune
PHOTOS: Pets of the Week | Local News | mooresvilletribune.com  Mooresville Tribune

Top Three Distributors in Independent Pet Collaborate to Accelerate Sustainability - Pet Business Magazine
Top Three Distributors in Independent Pet Collaborate to Accelerate Sustainability  Pet Business Magazine

Donate To Help Pet Food Pantry & Get Beer - LevittownNow.com
Donate To Help Pet Food Pantry & Get Beer  LevittownNow.com

Sen. Blumenthal calls for ‘crackdown’ on pet scams following Hearst CT investigation - Danbury News Times
Sen. Blumenthal calls for ‘crackdown’ on pet scams following Hearst CT investigation  Danbury News Times

Dogs blamed for killing family pets in Hyrum neighborhood - KSL.com
Dogs blamed for killing family pets in Hyrum neighborhood  KSL.com

Woman, pet safe after overnight fire in Granite City - KMOV.com
Woman, pet safe after overnight fire in Granite City  KMOV.com

5 arrested after Lady Gaga's dog walker shot, pets kidnapped: Police - ABC News
5 arrested after Lady Gaga's dog walker shot, pets kidnapped: Police  ABC News

Adoptable Pet of the Week: Yoda - All On Georgia
Adoptable Pet of the Week: Yoda  All On Georgia

Tampa Bay area pets looking for loving homes - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets looking for loving homes  Tampa Bay Times

Birmingham pet owner blames vet clinic for death of dog after boarding - Alabama's News Leader
Birmingham pet owner blames vet clinic for death of dog after boarding  Alabama's News Leader

Pets of the Week: April 29, 2021 - WSIL TV
Pets of the Week: April 29, 2021  WSIL TV

Missouri bill would allow lifelong, pet restraining orders - KY3
Missouri bill would allow lifelong, pet restraining orders  KY3

Central Garden & Pet Co (CENTA) Q2 2021 Earnings Call Transcript - Motley Fool
Central Garden & Pet Co (CENTA) Q2 2021 Earnings Call Transcript  Motley Fool

Pets Page: Bartholomew County Humane Society - The Republic
Pets Page: Bartholomew County Humane Society  The Republic

Family Pet Triggers Fiery Concord Gas Station Crash - CBS San Francisco
Family Pet Triggers Fiery Concord Gas Station Crash  CBS San Francisco

Are our pets fueling climate change and environmental hazards? - Vox
Are our pets fueling climate change and environmental hazards?  Vox

Pet of the Week: Ruca & Ramona – Heart of the Rockies Radio - Heart of the Rockies Radio
Pet of the Week: Ruca & Ramona – Heart of the Rockies Radio  Heart of the Rockies Radio

Arlington Pet of the Week: Rally - ARLnow
Arlington Pet of the Week: Rally  ARLnow

Ask 2: Can you drive with your pet on your lap? - KPRC Click2Houston
Ask 2: Can you drive with your pet on your lap?  KPRC Click2Houston

Tampa Bay area pets hope to share their love with you - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets hope to share their love with you  Tampa Bay Times

Pet Adoption In The Perry Hall Area: See The Latest Dogs, Cats - Perry Hall, MD Patch
Pet Adoption In The Perry Hall Area: See The Latest Dogs, Cats  Perry Hall, MD Patch

Meet the Plus-Size Orphan Pets That Are Seeking New Homes and Healthier Routines in California - PEOPLE
Meet the Plus-Size Orphan Pets That Are Seeking New Homes and Healthier Routines in California  PEOPLE

SARS-CoV-2 variant found in pets - American Veterinary Medical Association
SARS-CoV-2 variant found in pets  American Veterinary Medical Association

Humane Society president discusses the surge of pet ownership during the pandemic — and what animals can teach us - The Washington Post
Humane Society president discusses the surge of pet ownership during the pandemic — and what animals can teach us  The Washington Post

Over 40 Percent of Pet Parents Look at Their Cat or Dog as a 'Starter Child,' Survey Finds - PEOPLE
Over 40 Percent of Pet Parents Look at Their Cat or Dog as a 'Starter Child,' Survey Finds  PEOPLE

National Adopt a Shelter Pet Day: 40 essentials for new pet owners - New York Post
National Adopt a Shelter Pet Day: 40 essentials for new pet owners  New York Post

NAMI in Collier County introduces pet therapy for those in need of a furry hug - Wink News
NAMI in Collier County introduces pet therapy for those in need of a furry hug  Wink News

After 68 years in business, Wauwatosa's Wisconsin Garden and Pet Supply will close this summer - Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
After 68 years in business, Wauwatosa's Wisconsin Garden and Pet Supply will close this summer  Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Pet Supplies Plus Supports National Pet ID Week Through Discounted Microchipping - PRNewswire
Pet Supplies Plus Supports National Pet ID Week Through Discounted Microchipping  PRNewswire

Vegas Council OK's 5-Year Ban on Pet Abusers Owning Animals - U.S. News & World Report
Vegas Council OK's 5-Year Ban on Pet Abusers Owning Animals  U.S. News & World Report

Austin Pets Alive! shines spotlight on ‘differently abled’ pups with mobility problems - KXAN.com
Austin Pets Alive! shines spotlight on ‘differently abled’ pups with mobility problems  KXAN.com

Pet Wise: Grooming pets provides health and safety benefits - Baltimore Sun
Pet Wise: Grooming pets provides health and safety benefits  Baltimore Sun

Petco Love Launches Game-Changing Centralized Solution To Help Reunite Lost Pets With Their Families - PRNewswire
Petco Love Launches Game-Changing Centralized Solution To Help Reunite Lost Pets With Their Families  PRNewswire

Pets of the Week: April 22, 2021 - WSIL TV
Pets of the Week: April 22, 2021  WSIL TV

Drive up pet vaccine clinic - Odessa American
Drive up pet vaccine clinic  Odessa American

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of April 25 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of April 25  Summit Daily News

Photos: A look at presidential pets through the years - Journal Times
Photos: A look at presidential pets through the years  Journal Times

U.K. police hunt rabbit thief after giant celebrity pet Darius goes missing - NBC News
U.K. police hunt rabbit thief after giant celebrity pet Darius goes missing  NBC News

Pet of the Day from PAWS Atlanta - FOX 5 Atlanta
Pet of the Day from PAWS Atlanta  FOX 5 Atlanta

Pet Pals TV: 2021 Mutt Strut - WISHTV.com
Pet Pals TV: 2021 Mutt Strut  WISHTV.com

Petco launches national database to help find lost pets - Bizwomen - The Business Journals
Petco launches national database to help find lost pets - Bizwomen  The Business Journals

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