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Tank Requirements For Discus Fish


For Discus fish, there are 2 consideration in tanks - tank depth and volume. Because of their size and swimming habits, a minimum of 18" is needed for tank depth, the deeper the better. Regarding volume, a good rule of thumb is that each adult discus will need 10 gallons of water. Larger tanks will also give more stable water conditions, and taking into account other considerations the minimum size for a discus show tank should be no less than 55 gallons. It is also advisable to use a rectangular tank. Not only are they cheaper, but are more efficient, because they maximize surface area. Surface area is the most important factor in buying a tank. Why? Because it is only at the surface of the tank that gas exchange occurs. (Oxygen in, Carbon dioxide out.) Assuming you have a seventy five gallon show tank, and it's biological filter is working as required, up to twenty young fish 3 inches in size, or 6 or 8 fully adult discus can comfortably inhabit the tank. An outside filter may be added to large tanks to increase basic aeration and biological filtration needs.

Keep in mind that when young discus fish are small,they grow fast and become quite large in a short period of time if fed well and water quality is maintained. If your tank is too small they will not be happy and it will quickly stunt their growth. Juvenile discus should not be kept in overly large tanks. Being a social fish, Discus tend to become very skittish in large tanks. In our hatchery, we place 6 Discus up to 1.5" in a 29-gallon tank. They will be moved tp larger tanks when they get to 2.5", and show possible signs of "pairing off". Always try to buy the largest tank you can afford for discus fish.

If breeding Discus is a consideration later on, tanks can be down sized to twenty gallons per pair. At our hatchery, 29 gallon rectangular glass tanks are utilized for every breeding pair. A bare bottomed tank with at 2 ½ gallons of water per inch of fish, a couple of sponge filters and a canister filter with activated carbon in it is used to begin the process. This is maintained at 6.6 - 6.8 PH, and the temperature is set at 82 to 84 degrees F. We make 50% water changes weekly, and some breeders will go as high as 95%. Optimal results would be achieved with a 15% water change daily. Because Discus produce slime on their body, and it is shed regularly,it coats the inner surface of the tank and promotes bacterial growth. A safe bet is to wipe down every discus tank every week. There are commercial sponges and brushes available to do this chore.

Because Discus are large fish, they require clean water and proper filtration. The tank must be "cycled" and tested for nitrates/nitrites before placement of Discus in the tank. Our policy is to use fish such as some of the more common cichlids to "cycle" the tank. A good rule of thumb here is to wait at least 4 weeks before attempting to place Discus with the "cycling" fish. If you are active in the aquarist community, a friend might possibly loan you some "cycling fish" to begin your project, and the "cyclers" can be returned to their owner upon completion of the cycle.

Discus prefer soft water, due to the constant rainfall and run-off in their natural habitat. We are more concerned, however, with cleanliness. It is much better to have a high quality of hygiene in the tank than it is having optimal water conditions, though we strive for both. Discus will adapt to most conditions, including PH up to 7.8 and 350-ppm microsiemens of hardness, but cannot survive in constantly changing water conditions or dirty water.

Alden Smith is a published author, and has been marketing on the internet for 7 years. His website, King Discus, is an active gathering place for discus breeders and lovers of discus fish. His wife Betsy is the administrator of All The Best Recipes a site rich in online recipes and cookbooks.


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Wed. May / 12 / 2021

Americans adopted or bought so many pets during the COVID-19 pandemic that veterinarians are backlogged, burned out - Capital Gazette
  1. Americans adopted or bought so many pets during the COVID-19 pandemic that veterinarians are backlogged, burned out  Capital Gazette
  2. COVID-19 pet boom has veterinarians backlogged, burned out  The Oakland Press
  3. Veterinarians backlogged after millions adopted pets during pandemic  WWLTV.com
  4. Talk to a vet online when your pet needs one with Pawp  Engadget
  5. Vets backlogged, weary from COVID pet boom | News | journalstar.com  HuskerExtra.com
  6. View Full Coverage on Google News

Pets of the Week: Sugar and Spice - Chesterfield Observer
Pets of the Week: Sugar and Spice  Chesterfield Observer

Pets on the Plaza: Meet Tuesday - 47abc - WMDT
Pets on the Plaza: Meet Tuesday - 47abc  WMDT

Dogs in front row, pets in Santa hats, a WooSox fan reading a book: A look at the top cutouts at Polar Park f - MassLive.com
Dogs in front row, pets in Santa hats, a WooSox fan reading a book: A look at the top cutouts at Polar Park f  MassLive.com

Seasonal Allergy Medications Pose a Deadly Risk to Pets - PRNewswire
Seasonal Allergy Medications Pose a Deadly Risk to Pets  PRNewswire

At Arizona Pet Project's resource center in south Phoenix, the focus is on humans and pets - The Arizona Republic
At Arizona Pet Project's resource center in south Phoenix, the focus is on humans and pets  The Arizona Republic

They fell in love with their pandemic pets. Now they don’t want to leave them. - Seattle Times
They fell in love with their pandemic pets. Now they don’t want to leave them.  Seattle Times

Central Georgia Pet Talent Show: Your videos (Week 2) - 13WMAZ.com
Central Georgia Pet Talent Show: Your videos (Week 2)  13WMAZ.com

Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned in record numbers - New York Post
Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned in record numbers  New York Post

Proper training, socialization help prepare pets for the arrival of a human sibling - nwitimes.com
Proper training, socialization help prepare pets for the arrival of a human sibling  nwitimes.com

Medical expert shares advice on easing pets' separation anxiety as families return to work and school - News 12 New Jersey
Medical expert shares advice on easing pets' separation anxiety as families return to work and school  News 12 New Jersey

Pets of the week, May 12 | Local News | hickoryrecord.com - Hickory Daily Record
Pets of the week, May 12 | Local News | hickoryrecord.com  Hickory Daily Record

Pets of the week: Jagger is carefree. Milo is a happy, chatty attention-seeker - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Jagger is carefree. Milo is a happy, chatty attention-seeker  MLive.com

India Pet Food Market Report 2020-2026: Focus on Dog, Cat, Fish, Birds, Tortoise, Rabbits, Hamsters, Guinea Pigs, Mice - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Yahoo Finance
India Pet Food Market Report 2020-2026: Focus on Dog, Cat, Fish, Birds, Tortoise, Rabbits, Hamsters, Guinea Pigs, Mice - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Yahoo Finance

NOW: Vet offers tips for helping pets adjust post-pandemic - WDJT
NOW: Vet offers tips for helping pets adjust post-pandemic  WDJT

Greenville News Community Heroes cited for saving the lives of pets - Greenville News
Greenville News Community Heroes cited for saving the lives of pets  Greenville News

Phoenix woman faces multiple charges after malnourished dog and other pets rescued - ABC15 Arizona
Phoenix woman faces multiple charges after malnourished dog and other pets rescued  ABC15 Arizona

Livonia council approves leash law, shoots down weather guidelines for pet owners - Hometown Life
Livonia council approves leash law, shoots down weather guidelines for pet owners  Hometown Life

PET OF THE WEEK: Manny - La Crosse Tribune
PET OF THE WEEK: Manny  La Crosse Tribune

Come see the sky or explore the water with your pet on Saturday - BRProud.com
Come see the sky or explore the water with your pet on Saturday  BRProud.com

Legislation Reintroduced to End the Dangerous Primate Pet Trade - Animal Welfare Institute
Legislation Reintroduced to End the Dangerous Primate Pet Trade  Animal Welfare Institute

Nevada SPCA sees uptick in pet surrender due to people leaving remote work for the office - KLAS - 8 News Now
Nevada SPCA sees uptick in pet surrender due to people leaving remote work for the office  KLAS - 8 News Now

Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (5/12/21) - ABC15 Arizona
Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (5/12/21)  ABC15 Arizona

Family pets perish in SE Topeka house fire - WIBW
Family pets perish in SE Topeka house fire  WIBW

People Are Returning Their Pandemic Pets at Alarming Rates - Yahoo Lifestyle
People Are Returning Their Pandemic Pets at Alarming Rates  Yahoo Lifestyle

Shelters seek homes for pets - Santa Barbara News-Press
Shelters seek homes for pets  Santa Barbara News-Press

Texas has a large population of pet tigers across the state - Chron
Texas has a large population of pet tigers across the state  Chron

Sick puppy tales lead Orange County to consider ban of retail pet sales - Orlando Sentinel
Sick puppy tales lead Orange County to consider ban of retail pet sales  Orlando Sentinel

Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned at record numbers: report - Fox News
Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned at record numbers: report  Fox News

PFAS found at high levels in pets near Chemours plant - NC Health News - North Carolina Health News
PFAS found at high levels in pets near Chemours plant - NC Health News  North Carolina Health News

Even Professional Car Detailers Swear by This $15 Pet Hair Removal Tool - PEOPLE.com
Even Professional Car Detailers Swear by This $15 Pet Hair Removal Tool  PEOPLE.com

Australia $2.9 Billion Pet Food Markets, Competition, Forecast & Opportunities, 2026 - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Business Wire
Australia $2.9 Billion Pet Food Markets, Competition, Forecast & Opportunities, 2026 - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Business Wire

Creative Acres Sanctuary founder says owners are giving up 'pandemic pets' as they head back to work - The Denver Channel
Creative Acres Sanctuary founder says owners are giving up 'pandemic pets' as they head back to work  The Denver Channel

Pets meant to bring companionship during pandemic are being brought back to animal rescues - WRGB
Pets meant to bring companionship during pandemic are being brought back to animal rescues  WRGB

Nylabone® Products Gives Back to Hometown with Donation to Local Pet Food Drive - Business Wire
Nylabone® Products Gives Back to Hometown with Donation to Local Pet Food Drive  Business Wire

Want to adopt? Animal shelter has many pets ready for adoption - Midland Reporter-Telegram
Want to adopt? Animal shelter has many pets ready for adoption  Midland Reporter-Telegram

Boston News Crew Spots and Saves Stolen Dog During Segment on the Missing Pet - PEOPLE
Boston News Crew Spots and Saves Stolen Dog During Segment on the Missing Pet  PEOPLE

Exotic pets are in the spotlight at expo in Chesapeake - 13newsnow.com WVEC
Exotic pets are in the spotlight at expo in Chesapeake  13newsnow.com WVEC

Outlook on the Pet Grooming Services US Market to 2026 - by Pet, Service, Operation and Geography - Yahoo Finance
Outlook on the Pet Grooming Services US Market to 2026 - by Pet, Service, Operation and Geography  Yahoo Finance

GMA Pet of the Week: Brandi - KATC Lafayette News
GMA Pet of the Week: Brandi  KATC Lafayette News

How Losing a Pet Can Make You Stronger - The New York Times
How Losing a Pet Can Make You Stronger  The New York Times

Pet Cats Fall For Optical Illusions Too - NPR
Pet Cats Fall For Optical Illusions Too  NPR

Tiger filmed roaming Houston raises concerns about exotic pet ownership in the Lone Star State - Fox News
Tiger filmed roaming Houston raises concerns about exotic pet ownership in the Lone Star State  Fox News

Pets of the week: Bud is a bundle of energy. Snow Biscuit is super friendly - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Bud is a bundle of energy. Snow Biscuit is super friendly  MLive.com

Arlington Pet of the Week: Hank - ARLnow
Arlington Pet of the Week: Hank  ARLnow

Storm-related house fire displaces three members of a local family and their pets - KWTX
Storm-related house fire displaces three members of a local family and their pets  KWTX

Pet photos from USA TODAY readers to brighten your day - USA TODAY
Pet photos from USA TODAY readers to brighten your day  USA TODAY

Pet of the Week: Nutmeg - ArkLaTexHomepage
Pet of the Week: Nutmeg  ArkLaTexHomepage

Pandemic Pets: Helping your pet return back to 'normal' - KBTX
Pandemic Pets: Helping your pet return back to 'normal'  KBTX

Shelter pets find new forever homes thanks to recent adoption events - 69News WFMZ-TV
Shelter pets find new forever homes thanks to recent adoption events  69News WFMZ-TV

Pet Expert on Microchipping Cats and Dogs: It's 'the Safest Way to Find and Keep Your Pets' - PEOPLE
Pet Expert on Microchipping Cats and Dogs: It's 'the Safest Way to Find and Keep Your Pets'  PEOPLE

Who gets custody of the dog? Couples urged to sign a pet-nup - Yahoo News
Who gets custody of the dog? Couples urged to sign a pet-nup  Yahoo News

China's netizens call for crackdown after "blind box" pet rescue - Reuters
China's netizens call for crackdown after "blind box" pet rescue  Reuters

GRPD: Armed robbery at 28th St. pet supply store - WOODTV.com
GRPD: Armed robbery at 28th St. pet supply store  WOODTV.com

‘The Traveling Zoo’: Life on the Road, With Pets at Their Side - The New York Times
‘The Traveling Zoo’: Life on the Road, With Pets at Their Side  The New York Times

Boulevard Veterinary Clinic Pet of the Week: Maximus - TAPinto.net
Boulevard Veterinary Clinic Pet of the Week: Maximus  TAPinto.net

Fur Baby cuts the ribbon on new pet resort - CapeGazette.com
Fur Baby cuts the ribbon on new pet resort  CapeGazette.com

Pet and shopping scams surge during pandemic - BBC News
Pet and shopping scams surge during pandemic  BBC News

E-commerce data strategy helps pet food logistics, sales - PetfoodIndustry.com
E-commerce data strategy helps pet food logistics, sales  PetfoodIndustry.com

Tampa Bay area pets hope to share their love with you - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets hope to share their love with you  Tampa Bay Times

The Unshakeable Interspecies Bond of Pet Moms - Vogue
The Unshakeable Interspecies Bond of Pet Moms  Vogue

Jeremy Clarkson takes pet lamb to a rural pub for a post-lockdown pint - Daily Mail
Jeremy Clarkson takes pet lamb to a rural pub for a post-lockdown pint  Daily Mail

Vote 4 the Best: Pets - Voting - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
Vote 4 the Best: Pets - Voting  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Paws Abilities, a locally-owned pet store, now open on 41st Street - KELOLAND.com
Paws Abilities, a locally-owned pet store, now open on 41st Street  KELOLAND.com

National Adopt a Shelter Pet Day: 40 essentials for new pet owners - New York Post
National Adopt a Shelter Pet Day: 40 essentials for new pet owners  New York Post

Pet tax deductions 2020: What you can and can’t deduct - MassLive.com
Pet tax deductions 2020: What you can and can’t deduct  MassLive.com

Tampa Bay area pets looking for loving homes - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets looking for loving homes  Tampa Bay Times

Are our pets fueling climate change and environmental hazards? - Vox
Are our pets fueling climate change and environmental hazards?  Vox

Need More Cute Animal Content? Follow the Pets of Netflix's Pet Stars on Instagram! - POPSUGAR
Need More Cute Animal Content? Follow the Pets of Netflix's Pet Stars on Instagram!  POPSUGAR

Michelle and Barack Obama Mourn the Death of Beloved Dog Bo: He 'Was a Constant, Comforting Presence' - PEOPLE
Michelle and Barack Obama Mourn the Death of Beloved Dog Bo: He 'Was a Constant, Comforting Presence'  PEOPLE

2-Legged Cat Uses Instagram to Promote Special Needs Pet Adoptions: 'He Can Teach People' - PEOPLE
2-Legged Cat Uses Instagram to Promote Special Needs Pet Adoptions: 'He Can Teach People'  PEOPLE

Meet the Plus-Size Orphan Pets That Are Seeking New Homes and Healthier Routines in California - PEOPLE
Meet the Plus-Size Orphan Pets That Are Seeking New Homes and Healthier Routines in California  PEOPLE

Pet Talk: What to know about owning exotic pets - Bryan-College Station Eagle
Pet Talk: What to know about owning exotic pets  Bryan-College Station Eagle

5 arrested after Lady Gaga's dog walker shot, pets kidnapped: Police - ABC News
5 arrested after Lady Gaga's dog walker shot, pets kidnapped: Police  ABC News

15-year-old cockatiel allegedly stolen from Tropic Waters Pet Center - WEAU
15-year-old cockatiel allegedly stolen from Tropic Waters Pet Center  WEAU

Proposed pet breeding facility in Cochise County draws opposition from Tucson, beyond - Arizona Daily Star
Proposed pet breeding facility in Cochise County draws opposition from Tucson, beyond  Arizona Daily Star

Pets of the Week - Clarksville Now
Pets of the Week  Clarksville Now

Pet of the Week: Sigma - WITN
Pet of the Week: Sigma  WITN

How To Compare Pet Insurance Quotes – Forbes Advisor - Forbes
How To Compare Pet Insurance Quotes – Forbes Advisor  Forbes

U.S. pet adoptions still strong as cats, dogs melt stress - Reuters
U.S. pet adoptions still strong as cats, dogs melt stress  Reuters

Pet Supplies Plus Supports National Pet ID Week Through Discounted Microchipping - PRNewswire
Pet Supplies Plus Supports National Pet ID Week Through Discounted Microchipping  PRNewswire

My friend set up a GoFundMe to pay for her sick pet, instead of getting a refund on our vacation. I canceled the trip. Who’s right? - MarketWatch
My friend set up a GoFundMe to pay for her sick pet, instead of getting a refund on our vacation. I canceled the trip. Who’s right?  MarketWatch

Pet Wise: Grooming pets provides health and safety benefits - Baltimore Sun
Pet Wise: Grooming pets provides health and safety benefits  Baltimore Sun

People Spend These Many Hours Researching Their Pet's Symptoms Online - msnNOW
People Spend These Many Hours Researching Their Pet's Symptoms Online  msnNOW

Petco Love Launches Game-Changing Centralized Solution To Help Reunite Lost Pets With Their Families - PRNewswire
Petco Love Launches Game-Changing Centralized Solution To Help Reunite Lost Pets With Their Families  PRNewswire

Roice-Hurst Pet of the Week: 'Meet Princess Pretty Paws' - KKCO-TV
Roice-Hurst Pet of the Week: 'Meet Princess Pretty Paws'  KKCO-TV

Meet our pets of the week: A bonded pair of dogs, a duck and a bunny - STLtoday.com
Meet our pets of the week: A bonded pair of dogs, a duck and a bunny  STLtoday.com

Pet Food Companies Look to the Future With Cell-Cultured Meat - Modern Farmer
Pet Food Companies Look to the Future With Cell-Cultured Meat  Modern Farmer

How to Get a Deal on Pet Supplies Online - ConsumerReports.org
How to Get a Deal on Pet Supplies Online  ConsumerReports.org

Barron’s Stock Pick: Pet Care Is Booming. Here’s a Stock to Play It. - Barron's
Barron’s Stock Pick: Pet Care Is Booming. Here’s a Stock to Play It.  Barron's

Noon Pet Of The Week: Bam Bam - WXII12 Winston-Salem
Noon Pet Of The Week: Bam Bam  WXII12 Winston-Salem

Does Your Pet Have Separation Anxiety? Or Do You? - The New York Times
Does Your Pet Have Separation Anxiety? Or Do You?  The New York Times

Lily the cockatiel bird stolen from Tropic Waters Pet Center - WQOW TV News 18
Lily the cockatiel bird stolen from Tropic Waters Pet Center  WQOW TV News 18

'Heartbroken': Owners say animals died in Fayetteville pet store fire - WRAL.com
'Heartbroken': Owners say animals died in Fayetteville pet store fire  WRAL.com

Hill's Pet Nutrition Teams Up With TikTok To Celebrate National Pet Day - PRNewswire
Hill's Pet Nutrition Teams Up With TikTok To Celebrate National Pet Day  PRNewswire

How to buy a pet without getting scammed - MarketWatch
How to buy a pet without getting scammed  MarketWatch

Treats Unleashed Pet of the Week: Blizzard - KSDK.com
Treats Unleashed Pet of the Week: Blizzard  KSDK.com

U.K. police hunt rabbit thief after giant celebrity pet Darius goes missing - NBC News
U.K. police hunt rabbit thief after giant celebrity pet Darius goes missing  NBC News

The 26 Best Pet-Friendly Hotels in the Country - PureWow
The 26 Best Pet-Friendly Hotels in the Country  PureWow

Family Who Lost 2 Dogs to Sago Palms Wants Pet Owners to Know About the Toxic, Prevalent Plant - PEOPLE
Family Who Lost 2 Dogs to Sago Palms Wants Pet Owners to Know About the Toxic, Prevalent Plant  PEOPLE

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