OfficeJax Pet Information center

 
      Pet News, Pet Care, Pet Training, Pet Supplies, cat pictures, dog pictures, pet pictures

Advertising | Affiliate revenue sharing  |  Auctions  |   Best Tips and Home Remedies   |  Blogging  |  Crafts & Hobbies  |  Currency Trading  |  mesothelioma lung cancer and asbestos |  Mortgage and refinance |  Pets  |  Web Site design 

We would like to thank the local libraries, schools, and universities for recommending students to visit us when doing research on any of our information topics.
 Please check back frequently as new topics are added and current topics are updated daily.

 

              

pet care information from the pet information channel search the pet information channel for free online ebooks tips news reports do it yourself how to articles and remedies Pet Information Channel DIRECTORY OF TOPICS & ARTICLES pet care information from the pet information channel

Place your TextLink AD here free

Does Your Dog Have An Irritating Jumping Habit?


Do you have a puppy that jumps on you, company and even your Grandma who has a walker? This can be a very irritating trait for your dog to develop. Unfortunately, it can make people dread coming to your home. No one wants to try to have a conversation with a fluffy fur ball trying to jump on them or sit on their lap.

There are many dogs which are just too friendly. They never meet a stranger, and they would even roll the red carpet out and lavish love on the most grouchy individual. While no one wants to discourage friendliness in a puppy, they do need to learn social manners.

Have you ever known a person who you try to avoid? When you see this person coming do you do everything within your power to ensure you aren't held up by their endless chatting? There are some dogs who people simply want to avoid, too. If one of these overly friendly guys is in your home, you should teach them self-control. This can be done through consistent training.

Sometimes this sort of problem arises because a puppy thinks he is in charge of the home. He thinks he is "Lord of the Manor" and everyone should be pleased to have him on their laps! Dogs usually develop this attitude when they do not feel that a leader has been clearly defined in the home. These canines are more than happy to step into the role as the alpha male and do things at their whim and fancy.

The most important thing you can do when you bring your puppy home is to send him the signal that you are the leader of his pack. One of the first steps to achieving this is to have your pet rely on you for his food. You should never leave a full bowl of food out for your puppy to munch on at his leisure. By having you be the one which meets his hunger needs, he will quickly learn to respect you. You should have a set routine when you feed your dog throughout the day. Any food that is left after 20 minutes should be put away until the next feeding.

Dogs can also get confused and think they are the king of the house when they are the first ones greeted by a member of the family after an absence. You should make a point to greet all members of your household before you acknowledge your puppy. If you live alone, you can go to your room, change clothes or get a drink before you settle down and greet your puppy. Many owners only intensify a bad jumping habit when they greet their puppy exuberantly when they come through the door each day.

It is very important that you start teaching your puppy what "down" means the moment they start a habit of jumping. This is not a very hard technique to teach your puppy--if you practice it ever time they jump. The best thing to do during this phase is to let your pup jump on you. When he does and bounces back to the floor say "down." But, don't say this while he is jumping. You have to wait until all four feet of his feet are firmly on the floor. You should also use this word each and every time he is caught reclining on the furniture and you have to put him on the floor.

Once your dog seems to have an understanding of what down means, you should never allow him to jump on you again. Each time your puppy starts to jump on you, turn away immediately. Your pooch will miss his mark and hit the floor. Don't make a fuss. Simply turn your back and step out of his way. Once your pup is back down on the floor, you can reach down, pet him, and say "down." Your pup may not take to this at first. He may continue to jump repeatedly until he reaches his target . . . you. Every time he jumps up to you, simply step away and turn your back. Never greet your puppy until he is completely down on the floor. Your puppy will soon learn what down means, and he will also learn that he will not get attention from you if he is jumping. While this can easily turn into a match of wills, it is important that your dog understands that you are the leader of his pack!

An option to teach your puppy that jumping on guests is unacceptable is to have him on a leash. Have a leash by your door and if a guest arrives, put him on the leash before you open the door. If your pup stands up on his back legs and tries to greet the guest, pull him gently to the floor and say "down." You should advise your guests to ignore your puppy until he is on the floor. When your puppy starts to stay on the floor when guests arrive, have dog treats by the door to reward him with. Each and every time he does not jump up to greet a guest, praise him for staying down and give him a dog treat.

Dogs are very intelligent animals. They learn rather quickly. They can learn to obey and blend into the family, or they can learn to run wild and be a general nuisance to everyone. The choice is up to the owner. It is best to start training your puppy from day one. While many commands cannot be learned right away, you should always let your puppy know that you are the leader of his pack and that you will take care of him. In return, you expect to be obeyed and respected.

You may find that some dogs take to learning their social skills easier than others. You should never give up if you have a pooch who is a slow learner. Once it mentally clicks with your puppy what you are expecting from him, he will usually happily oblige. Puppies thrive under consistent training, routine, and praise. Once he discoveries that you will pile on the praise and adoration, he will gladly keep his feet on the floor and greet you and your guests from a comfortable distance.

Some dog owners may have trouble mastering the proper tone and techniques which are needed to command their dogs respect. If you are finding it hard to train your puppy, you may want to consider taking your canine to an obedience class where the pair of you can benefit from the instruction. You can check the local newspapers or go on the Internet to find the next available class in your area.

Your puppy will be with you for the rest of his life. You owe it to you and your guests (and even your dog!) to teach him how to interact and get along socially with humans.

Author Ian White is founder of Dog-Breeders.biz. This extensive online directory includes listings by private breeders, kennel clubs, and occasional hobby or family breeders. Those seeking dogs can locate and match with appropriate breeders. Dog-Breeders.biz automates the matching of dogs for sale with dog wanted entries, with daily email notifications to all parties. Dog lovers and breeders can find more information on the website at: http://www.dog-breeders.biz


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Sat. October / 19 / 2019

Halloween villainy and revelry, all for rescue pets! - Long Beach Post
Halloween villainy and revelry, all for rescue pets!  Long Beach Post

Adoptable pets for Oct. 18-24 - Knoxville News Sentinel
Adoptable pets for Oct. 18-24  Knoxville News Sentinel

You can adopt 9 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Oct. 19-20 - SILive.com
You can adopt 9 remarkable pets on Staten Island this weekend: Oct. 19-20  SILive.com

E. coli worries in Ledgeview: Residents should keep kids, pets away from Bower Creek - Green Bay Press Gazette
E. coli worries in Ledgeview: Residents should keep kids, pets away from Bower Creek  Green Bay Press Gazette

Speaking of Pets: Be sure to keep your pets away from these Halloween treats - Vail Daily News
Speaking of Pets: Be sure to keep your pets away from these Halloween treats  Vail Daily News

How to Tell Your Colleagues They Can't Have Pets in the Office (Without Breaking Their Hearts) - Inc.
How to Tell Your Colleagues They Can't Have Pets in the Office (Without Breaking Their Hearts)  Inc.

Paws-itively Adoptable Pets: Tommy - southsoundmag.com
Paws-itively Adoptable Pets: Tommy  southsoundmag.com

Pet Docs: Subtle changes in pets habits can indicate illness - Charleston Post Courier
Pet Docs: Subtle changes in pets habits can indicate illness  Charleston Post Courier

Meijer has pawfect costumes for your pets this Halloween - WXMI FOX 17 West Michigan
Meijer has pawfect costumes for your pets this Halloween  WXMI FOX 17 West Michigan

Hello Kitty! Halloween Safety Tips for your pets - WTAJ - www.wearecentralpa.com
Hello Kitty! Halloween Safety Tips for your pets  WTAJ - www.wearecentralpa.com

Pets of the week: Petey and Zoe want to be your new best friends - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Petey and Zoe want to be your new best friends  MLive.com

The value of pet ownership for older adults - WTOP
The value of pet ownership for older adults  WTOP

Why raw dog food could be harmful for pets and owners alike - Medical News Today
Why raw dog food could be harmful for pets and owners alike  Medical News Today

PETS: Older pets deserve to be cared for - Red Bluff Daily News
PETS: Older pets deserve to be cared for  Red Bluff Daily News

Care4paws Program Will Train First Responders in Emergency Treatment For Pets - Noozhawk
Care4paws Program Will Train First Responders in Emergency Treatment For Pets  Noozhawk

Adopt these pets: A cat, a terrier mix and a duck - STLtoday.com
Adopt these pets: A cat, a terrier mix and a duck  STLtoday.com

How to keep your pets, and your vet bills, healthy - Daily Advertiser
How to keep your pets, and your vet bills, healthy  Daily Advertiser

Honoring the death of pets inspired ‘Animal Requiem’ by Rachel Fuller who got Pete Townshend and Paul McCartney to help - LA Daily News
Honoring the death of pets inspired ‘Animal Requiem’ by Rachel Fuller who got Pete Townshend and Paul McCartney to help  LA Daily News

Meet Perfect Pet, Baby Angel! - KGO-TV
Meet Perfect Pet, Baby Angel!  KGO-TV

Ellwood City woman's life revolves around pets, hers and others - Ellwood City Ledger
Ellwood City woman's life revolves around pets, hers and others  Ellwood City Ledger

Explosion In Sebastopol: Honey Oil Lab Injures 2 People, 3 Pets - Petaluma, CA Patch
Explosion In Sebastopol: Honey Oil Lab Injures 2 People, 3 Pets  Petaluma, CA Patch

Pets of the Week: Oct. 19, 2019 - Washington Daily News - thewashingtondailynews.com
Pets of the Week: Oct. 19, 2019 - Washington Daily News  thewashingtondailynews.com

Standard Journal Pets of the Week from the Wednesday, October 16, 2019 edition - MDJOnline.com
Standard Journal Pets of the Week from the Wednesday, October 16, 2019 edition  MDJOnline.com

Woman found living with more than 300 pet rats in her van in upscale San Diego community - Fox News
Woman found living with more than 300 pet rats in her van in upscale San Diego community  Fox News

From pets with feathers to fur, the vet answers questions about your pets - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
From pets with feathers to fur, the vet answers questions about your pets  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Pets & Pumpkins: Cuteness overload on the square - News-Leader
Pets & Pumpkins: Cuteness overload on the square  News-Leader

Reality show 'Meat the Family' makes contestants eat their pets - New York Post
Reality show 'Meat the Family' makes contestants eat their pets  New York Post

You can now bring your pets on Uber rides in Nashville - WZTV
You can now bring your pets on Uber rides in Nashville  WZTV

Column: Medicare for pets — it's not as crazy as you think - Los Angeles Times
Column: Medicare for pets — it's not as crazy as you think  Los Angeles Times

Adoptable Pets of the Week (10/18/19) | Local News - The Daily Progress
Adoptable Pets of the Week (10/18/19) | Local News  The Daily Progress

Animal hospital warns of potential Halloween dangers to pets - WZTV
Animal hospital warns of potential Halloween dangers to pets  WZTV

California Woman Lived in Van With More Than 300 Pet Rats - Complex
California Woman Lived in Van With More Than 300 Pet Rats  Complex

Local events help your pets celebrate Halloween | News - KMAland
Local events help your pets celebrate Halloween | News  KMAland

Featured Fairfax County Pet: A Colorful Coat And Personality - Kingstowne, VA Patch
Featured Fairfax County Pet: A Colorful Coat And Personality  Kingstowne, VA Patch

Nonprofit organization “Hearts for Paws” offers students opportunities to foster pets - The Aggie
Nonprofit organization “Hearts for Paws” offers students opportunities to foster pets  The Aggie

Pets on 2: Pet Helpers – Precious and Sam - WCBD News 2
Pets on 2: Pet Helpers – Precious and Sam  WCBD News 2

Roanoke Valley SPCA in need of cat food for PET program - WSLS 10
Roanoke Valley SPCA in need of cat food for PET program  WSLS 10

Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Oliver, Daisy, & Leah - SweetwaterNOW.com
Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Oliver, Daisy, & Leah  SweetwaterNOW.com

Eight Not-So-Great Pet Peeves And Travel Problems - Forbes
Eight Not-So-Great Pet Peeves And Travel Problems  Forbes

Here's exactly how much it costs to own 12 common household pets - Business Insider
Here's exactly how much it costs to own 12 common household pets  Business Insider

Local pet campaign aims to increase animal welfare - KOLO
Local pet campaign aims to increase animal welfare  KOLO

Humane Society tips to help keep your pet safe during Halloween - WHIO
Humane Society tips to help keep your pet safe during Halloween  WHIO

Pet Project 2019: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on Oct. 18 - MassLive.com
Pet Project 2019: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on Oct. 18  MassLive.com

Exotic Pets: Sugar Gliders - WBOY.com
Exotic Pets: Sugar Gliders  WBOY.com

How Do We Prevent Pets from Becoming Exotic Invaders? - Scientific American
How Do We Prevent Pets from Becoming Exotic Invaders?  Scientific American

Pets available for adoption at Virginia Beach SPCA - Virginian-Pilot
Pets available for adoption at Virginia Beach SPCA  Virginian-Pilot

Area pets available for adoption (PHOTOS), Oct. 16, 2019 - OregonLive
Area pets available for adoption (PHOTOS), Oct. 16, 2019  OregonLive

ENTER HERE: All 4 Pets 'Put Your Pet in a Promo' contest - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
ENTER HERE: All 4 Pets 'Put Your Pet in a Promo' contest  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Cafe in China offers pet companionship with a cup of Joe - CGTN America
Cafe in China offers pet companionship with a cup of Joe  CGTN America

No 24-hour emergency pet care in Las Cruces? Officials attribute it to lack of ER vets - Las Cruces Sun-News
No 24-hour emergency pet care in Las Cruces? Officials attribute it to lack of ER vets  Las Cruces Sun-News

Uber’s newest feature alerts drivers that pets will be joining the ride - TechCrunch
Uber’s newest feature alerts drivers that pets will be joining the ride  TechCrunch

Maddie's Saving Nevada's Pets Conference to take place this week in Reno - KRNV My News 4
Maddie's Saving Nevada's Pets Conference to take place this week in Reno  KRNV My News 4

Meet Simba & Marletta: Gwinnett Animal Welfare's pets of the week - 11Alive.com WXIA
Meet Simba & Marletta: Gwinnett Animal Welfare's pets of the week  11Alive.com WXIA

KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Zoey - KCBD
KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Zoey  KCBD

Pets being abandoned by owners facing money problems - BBC News
Pets being abandoned by owners facing money problems  BBC News

Eagle Scout donates 2300 pounds of pet food to Knox Paws program - WBIR.com
Eagle Scout donates 2300 pounds of pet food to Knox Paws program  WBIR.com

Raw pet food: The trendy diet can put humans and animals in danger - Inverse
Raw pet food: The trendy diet can put humans and animals in danger  Inverse

New Pet ID Cards To Give Owners Peace Of Mind During Emergencies - WCBS 880
New Pet ID Cards To Give Owners Peace Of Mind During Emergencies  WCBS 880

Adopt a Pet: Florida rescue seeks home for husky mix - Orlando Sentinel
Adopt a Pet: Florida rescue seeks home for husky mix  Orlando Sentinel

Salmonella and E. coli found in raw pet food - Food Safety News
Salmonella and E. coli found in raw pet food  Food Safety News

Pets with Potential: Meet Honey - WCAX
Pets with Potential: Meet Honey  WCAX

Affordable pet washes offered to public at Pierpont Community and Technical College - WDTV
Affordable pet washes offered to public at Pierpont Community and Technical College  WDTV

65 pets find homes at adoption event - WILX-TV
65 pets find homes at adoption event  WILX-TV

Vet warns against feeding your pets alternative diets - WAFF
Vet warns against feeding your pets alternative diets  WAFF

Rats as pets: Some people say absolutely. - The - The Washington Post
Rats as pets: Some people say absolutely. - The  The Washington Post

Pet supply chain opening second local store in Amherst - Buffalo News
Pet supply chain opening second local store in Amherst  Buffalo News

Send IL Patch Your Most Horrifyingly Adorable Halloween Pet Pics - Wheaton, IL Patch
Send IL Patch Your Most Horrifyingly Adorable Halloween Pet Pics  Wheaton, IL Patch

8 Pets to Get If You're Allergic to Cats and Dogs - Reader's Digest
8 Pets to Get If You're Allergic to Cats and Dogs  Reader's Digest

Local high school FFA chapter hosts pet food drive for Tri-Cities shelters - NBC Right Now
Local high school FFA chapter hosts pet food drive for Tri-Cities shelters  NBC Right Now

Pet of the Week; A Dixie chick - The Dickinson Press
Pet of the Week; A Dixie chick  The Dickinson Press

At Local Pet Shops, CBD Is Going to the Dogs - Bedford + Bowery
At Local Pet Shops, CBD Is Going to the Dogs  Bedford + Bowery

New Borderlands 3 patch buffs pets across the board, FL4K is spared a nerf (this time) - Destructoid
New Borderlands 3 patch buffs pets across the board, FL4K is spared a nerf (this time)  Destructoid

NJ pets in need: Oct. 14, 2019 - NJ.com
NJ pets in need: Oct. 14, 2019  NJ.com

Matching Holiday Pajamas for You and Your Pet Have Arrived! Here's Where to Find Them - PEOPLE.com
Matching Holiday Pajamas for You and Your Pet Have Arrived! Here's Where to Find Them  PEOPLE.com

Oregon veterinarian with checkered past is treating pets again in Beaverton – and getting more complaints - OregonLive
Oregon veterinarian with checkered past is treating pets again in Beaverton – and getting more complaints  OregonLive

Local Pet Store Holding Halloween Costume Contest - WOAY NEWSWATCH
Local Pet Store Holding Halloween Costume Contest  WOAY NEWSWATCH

Pet of the Week: Magic - KGET 17
Pet of the Week: Magic  KGET 17

Residents worry about pets near littered home - WOWT
Residents worry about pets near littered home  WOWT

Temperatures take a nose dive; Here’s how to protect your pets - FOX 31 Denver
Temperatures take a nose dive; Here’s how to protect your pets  FOX 31 Denver

Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care and Control (10/16/19) - ABC15 Arizona
Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care and Control (10/16/19)  ABC15 Arizona

Got photos of your pets in Halloween costumes? We’d like to see them - AL.com
Got photos of your pets in Halloween costumes? We’d like to see them  AL.com

Celebs in Bed! See How the Stars Like to Snuggle Up with Kids, Pets and Each Other - PEOPLE.com
Celebs in Bed! See How the Stars Like to Snuggle Up with Kids, Pets and Each Other  PEOPLE.com

Pets of the week: Leroy & Hugo can’t bear to be separated - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Leroy & Hugo can’t bear to be separated  MLive.com

Uber Introduces New Feature For Animal Lovers Traveling with Pets - PEOPLE.com
Uber Introduces New Feature For Animal Lovers Traveling with Pets  PEOPLE.com

North County News Del Mar neighbors aid woman living in car with 300 pet rats Mark - 10News
North County News Del Mar neighbors aid woman living in car with 300 pet rats Mark  10News

How To Keep Your Pets Safe This Halloween - Patch.com
How To Keep Your Pets Safe This Halloween  Patch.com

The cat’s out of the bag: Airport security stops couple after pet cat sneaks into carry-on luggage - FOX 5 DC
The cat’s out of the bag: Airport security stops couple after pet cat sneaks into carry-on luggage  FOX 5 DC

Bark-b-ques and dog spas: More central Ohio apartments welcoming pets - The Columbus Dispatch
Bark-b-ques and dog spas: More central Ohio apartments welcoming pets  The Columbus Dispatch

Store: 6 Clever Products For Your Pet That You Might Enjoy Even More - HuffPost
Store: 6 Clever Products For Your Pet That You Might Enjoy Even More  HuffPost

Routt County adoptable pets: Frijol the cat and Luna the dog - Steamboat Pilot & Today
Routt County adoptable pets: Frijol the cat and Luna the dog  Steamboat Pilot & Today

Local dog owner raises concerns over sick puppies from pet store - KTNV Las Vegas
Local dog owner raises concerns over sick puppies from pet store  KTNV Las Vegas

Man sets pet lion on electrician who tried to collect pay, police say - CNN
Man sets pet lion on electrician who tried to collect pay, police say  CNN

Man Attacked by His Boss's Pet Lion After Asking for Back Pay - Newsweek
Man Attacked by His Boss's Pet Lion After Asking for Back Pay  Newsweek

Webkinz prepares to kill off dormant pets starting next week - The Verge
Webkinz prepares to kill off dormant pets starting next week  The Verge

Are pets really good for us – or just hairy health hazards? - The Guardian
Are pets really good for us – or just hairy health hazards?  The Guardian

Pascagoula installs pet waste stations along Beach Boulevard - WLOX
Pascagoula installs pet waste stations along Beach Boulevard  WLOX

These adorable pets need new homes! - WCVB Boston
These adorable pets need new homes!  WCVB Boston

Dozens of pets rescued, 3 perish in Hwy. 26 trailer crash - KTVZ
Dozens of pets rescued, 3 perish in Hwy. 26 trailer crash  KTVZ

Can owners legally shoot their pets? DA wants Pennsylvania to clarify the law. - lehighvalleylive.com
Can owners legally shoot their pets? DA wants Pennsylvania to clarify the law.  lehighvalleylive.com

UPDATE: Mr. Mabel is found! The family took the big guy, who's in good condition, home - Times Record News
UPDATE: Mr. Mabel is found! The family took the big guy, who's in good condition, home  Times Record News

akron pet suppliesThe Animal Rescue Site needs your clicks to help support their endeavors
 visiting just one sponsor per day feeds an animal for one day. Thank you!

Get on board the TrafficTrain Click Here for Free Traffic! Get Your site listed in 2 Mins! visit and join each ad offer to include your ad on the TrafficTrain

Surplus Overstock and used PET SUPPLIES

university of akron university housing available

 

Find used office equipment in Ohio at www.OfficeJax.Has.It

Find the best fleamarkets at www.FleaMarketWorld.Has.It

www.Akron.Has.It

Find electric powered vehicles at www.NoGas.Drives.It

Akron City directory

Anonymous and Confidential U.S. Mail Drops - No ID Required reship worldwide

Katrina's pet sitting and house sitting services Akron Ohio

Free Automatic Link Exchange

Flea Market World

Find homes for rent
in Akron Ohio
www.homes4rent.has.it

Closeouts
www.close-outs.info

 

Northwest Veterinary Practice Tallmadge, Ohio

 

 

officejax surplus office furniture outlet Akron, ohio

[Back to Top]

 

Click here to
OfficeJax free ad space available here

auction news and listings for Akron, Ohio

Akron crafts and hobby news center

Akron currency trading

Akron Ohio pet news

The Akron blogging news center

Akron Ohio web site design news

Akron Mortgaging and refinancing

Advertising and promotions Akron, Ohio

 

HOME | SITE MAP
© 2012 - 2019 All Rights Reserved

Improve your web site pagerank
 automaticaly with HitsSurfer

free pagerank checker and seo evaluation tools 

akron ohio pet supply pet store littlest pet shop pet store supply pet shop adoption pet insurance pet grooming pet pet virtual pet services pet shop groomers pet care pet medication pet adopt pet food pet product cemetery pet sale health pet animal pet bed pet carrier pet name pet door pet nutrition pet wonder general pet memorial pet scan boarding grooming pet teacher pet plus supply gate pet friendly hotel pet exotic pet medicine pet discount pet sound pet tag dog pet supply wholesale pet hotel pet rescue bird pet sitter pet boarding pet online pet store boarding pet sitting pet care salt water aquariums fresh water aquariums pet health pet meds pet classifieds pet id pet tag dog free pet puppy pet loss pet related services animal pet rabbit pet turtle pet sex little pet shop exotic pet store dubai pet travel pet place own pet services sitting flea dip pet pharmacy food natural pet products pet training pet shelter pet finder animals pet rat clothes pet pet stroller pet shampoos health insurance pet fish pet lost pet grooming mobile pet banfield hospital pet hospitals free pet stuff pet finder pet supermarket pets allowed pet kennel pet contest pet photo free pet online pet edge pet grooming pet cat pet holistic veterinarian pet care for your pet sitting eye nose ears pet finder dog clothing Westminster dog show online pet store dog eating feces? bad dog behavior problems? puppies for sale Westminster kennel dog itchy itchyitchydog baghdad dog insider dog training tips remedies report reviews recommended procedures